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Full text of "Memoir of Lexington"

Memoir of LEXINGTON, 

By B. G. BRUCE, 

III 

Editor of the Kentucky Live Stock Record. 



i-C rue 



AS A SLIGHT TOKEN OF FRIENDSHIP AND ESTEEM 
TO ONE WHO HAS UNSELFISHLY DONE SO MUCH TO ADVANCE 
THE BEST INTERESTS OF 
THE STCCK OF AMERICA, 



THIS LITTLE WORK, 
BY PERMISSION, IS DEDICATED TO 




Memoir of Lexington, 

— — 

Lexington was a bay, foaled March 17th, 1850, and was bred by the late 
Dr. Elisha Warfield, The Meadows, near Lexington, Ky.; by Boston, 1st 
dam Alice Carneal by Imp. Sarpedon; 2d dam Rowena by Sumpter; 3d 
dam Lady Gray by Robin Gray ; 4th dam Maria by Melzar; 5th dam by 
imp. Highflyer; 6th dam by imp. Fearnaught; 7th dam by Aerial; 8th dam 
by Jack ol Diamonds; gth dam imp. Old Diamond (also called Duchess) by 
Cullen Arabian; 10th dam Grise^ood's Lady Thigh by Croft s Partner; nth 
dam by Grayhound; 12th dam Sophonisba's dam by Curwen Bay Barb; 
13th dam by D'Arcy's Chestnut Arabian; 14th dam by Whiteshirt; 15th 
dam Old Montague Mare. 

Boston, the sire of Lexington, was a chestnut, foaled in 1833, and was 
bred by Mr. John Wickhara, Richmond, Va.; by Timoleon (son of Sir 
Archv); 1st dam Sister to Tuckahoe, by Ball's Florizel; 2d dam bv imp. 
Alderman; 3'd dam by imp. Cockfast; 4th dam by Symmes' Wildair; 5th 
dam Young Kitty Fisher by imp. Fearnaught; 6th dam imp. Kitty Fisher 
by Cade; 7th dam by Cuilen's Arabian; 8th dam Bald Charlotte by Old 
Royal; 9th dam by Bethel's Castaway; 10th dam by Brimmer. 

Boston never started at two years old. At three years old he started 
three times, won two and lost one. At Broad Rock, Va., for a sweepstakes 
for three-year olds, mile heats, Col. W. M. White's ch c by Carolinian beat 
Boston; the latter bolted when ahead, and was distanced. Petersburg, Va., 
for a $300 purse for all ages, two-mile heats, Boston 1, I; Nick Biddle 3, 2; 
Mary Archy 2, 3; Juliana 4, 4; John Floyd 5, 5, and a chestnut filly 3 years 
old by Henry, distanced. Time, 4:01, 4:00. Hanover Court House, Va„ 
for a purse of $400 for all ages, three-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Betsey Minge 
2,2; bay filly by Gohanna, dam by Alfred 3, 3; Upton Heath 4, 4; Nick 
Biddle 5, 5; Alp and Bayard distanced. Time, 6125, 6:19. Track exces- 
sively heavy. 

At four years old started four times and won four. At Washington, D. 
C, for a purse of $500, three-mile heats, Boston was 1, 1; Norwood 3, 2; 
Brother to Virginia Graves 2, distanced; Mary Selden. Meteor and Lydia 
distanced. Time, 6:04, 6:10. Same place, purse $500, three-mile heats, 
Boston 1, 1; Prince Gjorge4, 2; Stockton 5,3; Mary Selden 3, 4; Virginia 
Graves 2, drawn; Caroline Snowden 6, distanced; Leesburg 7, drawn. 
Time, 5:55, 5:53. Baltimore, Md., purse $500, three-mile heats, Boston 1, 
1; Camsidel 3,2; Cippus 2, 3. Time, 5:51, 6:08. Camd-m, N. J., purse 
$500, three-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Betsy Andrews, 2, 2. Time, 5:51,6.02. 

At 5 years old, started eleven times and won eleven. Union Course, L. 
I., for purse of $500, three-mile heats, Boston walked over. Beacon Course, 
N. J., purse $1,000, four-mile heats, Boston beat Dosoris in 8:04. 8:01. 
Camden, M. J., for a purssof $1,000, four-mile hsats, Boston beat Decatur 



219744 



4 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



in 8:36, 8:41. Track very heavy. Union Course, N. V., four-mile heats, 
Boston beat Charles Carter in 7:40. The latter broke down in the lirst heat 
and was withdrawn. Hoboken. N. J., purse £'1,000, four-mile heats, Bos- 
ton beat Duane in 7 : 5 2 > 7 : S4, 8:30. Duane won the first heat. Track 
heavy. Petersburg. Va., purse $700, four mile heats, Boston beat Polly 
Green in 9:25. The race was merely galloping exercise and she was with- 
drawn after the first heat. Baltimore, Md , purse $700, four-mile heats, 
Boston beat Balie Peyton in 8:05. Track heavy. Balie Peyton was with- 
drawn after the first heat. Same meeting, purse £700, four-mile heats, Bos- 
ton was paid $500 to withdraw. Master Henry and Ben Tucker were 
the other entries. Camden, N.J. , purse £'1,000. four mile heats, Boston 
received $500 to withdraw. Mary Selden and Kity Heath were the other 
entries. Union Course, N. Y., purse $1,000, four-mile heats, Boston beat 
Decatur easily in 8:00, 7:57 Hoboken, N. J., purse $1,000, four-mile 
heats, Boston beat Decatur in 8:12, 8:26. Track heavy. 

At six years old started nine times, won eight, lost one. At Petershugh, 
Va , match $10,000 aside, £3,000 forfeit, two-mile heats, Portsmouth beat 
Boston in 3:50,3:48. BroaS Bock, Va., purse $500, three-mile heats, Bos- 
ton beat Lady Clifden 2, dr. ; Brocklesby 3, dr. Time 5:46. Washington, 
D, C, purse $Soo, four-mile heats, Boston was 1, 1; Tom Walker 2, 2; 
Black Knight 3, 3; Sam Brown and Reliance distanced. Time 7:53, 8:06. 
Camden, N. J., purse $1,000, four-mile heats, Boston walked over. Tren- 
ton, N. J., purse §1,500; $500 to second, Boston, I, 1; Decatur 2, 2; Vash- 
ti 3, 3. Time 7:57, 8:23. Union Course, N. Y., purse $1,000, four-mile 
heats Boston 1, 1; Decatur 3,2: Balie Peyton 2, dr. Time 7:47,8:02. 
Petersburg, Va , purse $i,ooo, with an inside stake of $2,000 each, play or 
pay, four-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; The Queen 3, 2; Omega 2, 3. Time S:02 r 
7:52. Camden, N. J., purse $1,000, with an inside stake of $2,000, play or 
pay, four-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Omega, 2 dr. Time 7:49.- Trenton, N. 
J., purse $1,500; $500 to second, four mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Decatur 2,2; 
Master Henry drawn. Time 7:57, 7:56. 

At seven years old started seven times, won seven. Petersburg, Va., 
purse $700, four-mile heats, Boston 2, 1, 1 ; Andrewetta 1, 2, dr. Time, 7:50, 
8:04. At Washington, D. C, purse $1 000, four mile heats, Boston 1, 1; 
Reliance 2, 2; Cippus 3, dr. Time, 8:02, 8 :c6. Track heavy. Camden, 
N. J., purse $1,000, four-mile heats, Boston walked over. Petersburg, Va., 
purse $700, four-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Bandit 2, dr. Time, 7:57. Broad 
Rock, Va., purse $500, three-mile heats, Boston 1,1; Texas 2, 2; Balie 
Peyton 3, dr; Laneville 4, dr. Time, 5:56, 5:49. Augusta, Ga., match $10,- 
000 aside; four-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Gano 2, dr. Track heavy. Time, 
7:57. Same meeting purse $800, four-mile heals, Boston 1, 1, fc'anta Anna 
3, 2; Omega 2, 3. Time, 8:52, 7:49. 

At eight years old started five times; won four, lost one. Petersburg, 
Va., purse $700, four-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Texas 2, dr. Time, 8:14^. 
Track heavy. Washington, D. C., purse f Soo, four-mile heats, Boston 1, 
1; Accident 2,2; Ned Hazard 3,3; Green Hill dist. Time, 7:59, 8:24. 
Baltimore, Md., purse |6oo, four-mile heats, Boston 2, I, 1; Mariner I, 2, 
2. Time, 8:oojo, 8:05, S:lp. Track heavy. Camden, N. J , purse $Sco, 
four-mile heats, Fashion 2, 1, 1 ; John Blount i, 2, dr; Boston distanced, 
lime, 7:42, 7:48. John Blount broke down. 

At nine years old started five times, won three, lost two. Union Course, 
N. Y., match $20,000 aside, Fashion, 5 yrs, Hi lbs, beat Boston, 9 yrs, 126 
lbs, in 7:32)^, 7:45. Same course purse £1,000, four-mile heats, Boston 2, 
1, 1; Mariner 1, 2,2. Time, 8:13, 7:46, 7:58)^. Camden, N. J., purse 
£800, four-mile heats, Boston beat Treasurer in 8:00%, 8:05. Alexandria, 
Va., purse $Soo, four-mile heats, Wilton Brown 1, 2, 1; Boston 2, 1,3; 



MEjyOIR OF LEXINGTON. 
« 



s 



Reliance 3, 3, 2. Time, 8:09, 7:55, 7:49. Baltimore, Md., purse $600, 
four-mile heats, Boston 1, 1; Wilton Brown 3, 2; Reliance 2, dis; Spectre 
.4, dis, Time, 8:09, 7:57. 

At ten years old started once and won a three mile purse, $300, at 
Petersburg, Va., beating Black Dick in 6:10, 6:21. Track very heavy. This 
ended Boston's racing career, which extended over seven years, in which 
he started forty-five times, won 40, lost 5; totBl winnings $61 ,200. Thirty 
of these races were at four-mile heats, five he walked for, nine three mile 
heats, one he walked for, and one at two mile heats. 

Bostoi, besides his race 0 , made the season of 1841, and covered 42 
mares at $100 each. After his big match with Fashion in 1842, he covered 
Andrewetta and Ironette, and made a fall campaign. In 1843 he made a 
regular season at Spring Grove, Hanover county, Va., at $70 a mare. In 
iS44 he stood at Washington City, D. C, at $60 the season. After the 
season of 1845 am ' '^46 ' le came to Kentucky early in the 6pring of 1847 
and made the seasons of 1847, 48 and 49 at the late E H. Blackburn's, near 
Spring Station, Ky. Mr. Blackburn, who was the father of Gov. L. C. 
Blackburn, Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn, and Hon. James Blackburn, in a let- 
ter to us some years ago stated that ' Boston was a sure foal getter, and 
that he covered rl $50 the season, and went to about sixty-five mares each 
year." He died the tall of 1849, in his seventeenth year. He came to Ken- 
tuckyin very bad weather, was much exposed on his trip out, and upon his 
arrival at Mr. Blackburn's was suffering from a very severe cold, from the 
effects of which Mr. B states he never entirely recovered. 

The following are some of the principal of his get: Arrow, Attila, Billy 
Boston. Big Boston, Boston, Jr.. Bay Boston, Bob Johnson, Big Indian, Bos- 
tona, Beau Mele, Catchem, Clara, Clara Minter6, Commodore, Cracker, 
Columbia, Die Clapperton, Dick Doty, Dick Earnest, Financier, Goldpin, 
Jack King, Joe Laws, John Hopkins, Inspector, Isabella, Jenny Lind, Major 
Jones, Madeline, Madame Bruce, Midway, Lecomte, Lexington, Lucy 
Bryant, Little Rose, Nat Blick, Nellie Hardin, Nina (dam of PlaneO, 
Noty Price, Orator, Red Eye, Ringgold, Rosalie. Tally-bo, Thirteen oi 
Trumps, Tom Walker, Uncle Ned, Voltiguer, Wade Hampton, White 
Eye, Wild Bill, Young Boston, Hawkins' Boston, Betty King, %c , &c 

Alice Carneal, the dam of Lexington, was a bay, and bred by Dr. E. 
Warfield. She never started in public until she was five years old. She 
was of a particularly high, nervous temperament, to such a high degree that 
she would get out of condition between her stable and the race course. Dr. 
Warfield said that at home she was superior to any horse he ever bred or 
owned. When drawn for a race she would sweat freely, tremble, purge, 
and became so nervous and excited as totally unfitted her to race, and was 
started with the greatest difficulty. 

At five years old she started four times, won one, was second once, and 
third twice. At Crab Orchard for a silver pitcher, value i ioo, mile heats, 
John Young r, r; Alice Carneal 3, 2; chestnut mare by Collier, dam Lady 
Jackson 4, 3; Whipster 2, dis ; Grayfiank dis. Time not taken. The track 
was fetlock deep in mud. At Lexington, Ky . spring meeting, 1841, purse 
$100, mile heats, Leda 1,1; Jenny Richmond, 6, 2; Alice Carneal 3, 3; Billy 
Budd 4, 4; Red Morocco 2, 5; John Young 5,6; Mary Porter 7, 7. Time, 
1:48, 1 :4s. Same place, fall meeting, purse $400, three mile heats, Creath 
1, 1; Dick Menifee 4, 2; Alice Carneal 3, 3; Powell 5, dis. Time, 5:52, 
5:581a- At Georgetown, Ky , for a purse of $200, two mile heats, Alice 
■Carneal 6, 6, t, 1 ; Dick Menifee 4, 1, 2, 2; Roots 1 , 2, 4, 3; Siilor Boy 5, 3, 
3, ro; Dorcas 7 5, 5. ro; Creath 3, 7. dr; Gulnare 2, 4, dr; chestnut colt by 
Medoc, dam bv Cumberland, dis; Martha Buford dis. Time, 3:49, S'-S 2 » 
3:58, 3:58- 



6 MFMOIR OF LEXINGTON'. 
^ i- 



At 6i'x years old started twice ard won neither. At Lexington, Ky., 
for a purse ol £700, fcur mile hests, Mssrooie t. i; Aigeniile 3.2; Alice 
Carneal 2, dis: Kate Holton, dis; Loretta dis. Time, 7:42, 7:40. This was 
the bett time ever made in Kentucky up to this dale. Alice Carneal made 
all the running in the first heat, and three miles of the second heat. If she 
had waited she could have been second in each heat. At Louisville, Ky.. 
purse $300, two-mile heats, Sail} Shannon 1, 1 ; Camilla, 3, 2; Alice Car- 
neal 2, 3; Maria Wilkins 4, dis. Time, 3:49, 3:49. 

At seven years old started once at Lexington lor a purse of $200, two 
mile heats, which was won by Tranbyanna. Tom Marshal won the first 
heat. Alice Carneal, Denmark, Largham, Argea, Little Trick and Pan 
also started. Time, 3:46}^, 3:47, 3:52)2. Dr.Warfield always insisted that 
she ran arid won a race at the Forks ol Elkhorn, near Franklort, Ky., but 
we can find no record of it. Her race at Lexington, Ky., in 1S43, finished 
her racing career, and the was put to the stud. The following is a listof 
her 

PROBUCE. 

1845 — Ch f Miss Trustee by imp. Trustee. 

1846 — Gr f Fance by Chorister. 
1S47 — Gr f Grey Alice by ditto. 

1849— Br f Didie or Maid of Orleans by Berthune. 

1850 — B c Lexington by Boston. 

1851 — B g Waxy by Bufor.l. 

1852— Br f Release by Berthune. 

1854 — B f Rescue by ditto. 

1855— Ch f Lavender by Wagner. 

1856 — Br c Chronometer by Berthune, 

1857 — Ch c Umpire by Lecomte. 
1859 — B f Annette by imp. Scyihian. 

I Missed in 1848, 53 and 58, and died in tS6o. 

Miss Trustee may be set down as a failure as a racer and at the stud* 
She nor her produce have ever done much. Fance and Grey Alice were 
not trained. Fance produced Basil by imp. Sovereign, Annie Tarl- 
ton, Lady Vandal and Windquill by Vandal Grey Alice produced Nell 
Gwynne by Bonnie Scotland, and Fanny by Miller's Wagner. Didie, af- 
terwards called Maid of Orleans, ran some thirty-three races, and won 
twenty, proving herself a most elegant race mare. She died after producing 
one foal. Waxy was gelded and was a good race horse, and ran the best 
two-mile race in his day — 3:39,'2- 3 : 3^M' Release was a capital three- 
year old, and was taken South and died early. Rescue never started but 
once, but was a valuable mare at the stud, producing Abu Beeker by Ma- 
homet, Relief by Star Davis. Remorse by imp. Eclipse, Abd-el-Kader, 
Rigmarole and Abd el-Koree by imp. Australian. Lavender was of a high 
nervous temperament, like her dam, still she won at two, three and tour- 
mile heats, and produced Helmbold, Bob Shelton, Buchu (dam of Blur 
Eyes), Lava, Barricade, Baden-Baden, &c , &c. Chronometer was an in- 
different race horse. Umpire was one the best two year olds in England, 
he being taken there when a yearling. He was a horse of great speed and 
won twenty-two out of fifty races in which he started. Annette was a 
fairish filly in England, where >he was taken as a yearling. She produced 
a number of foals in England, the best of whom was Lady Mostvn by Lord 
Clifden. 

Sarpedon, the sire of Alice Carneal, the dam of Lexington, was a. 
brown, foaled in 1828, bred hv Lord Gro>venor, by Emilius. out of Icaria 
by The Flyer, her dam Parma by Dick Anirews, out of May by Bening- 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



7 



brough, &c, &c. He did not run at two years old. At three years old 
started twelve times, won five. At Newmarket won the Biddlestone Din- 
ner Stakes of 100 sovs. each, half forfeit, Rowley Mile, colts 119 lbs, fillies 
116 lbs, beating Muff, second, Fressier, third, and a Wrangler colt fourth. 
Same meeting for a sweepstakes of 100 sovs. each, colts 119 lbs, fillies 116 
lbs, Sarpedon beat Metheglin, second, Scipio third. Same place for the 
2,000 Guineas Stakes, 100 sovs each, half forfeit, Rowley Mile, won by 
Riddlesworth, Sarpedon was second, Bohemian third, and three others. 
Same meeting Sarpedon beat Vagrant, 119 lbs. each, Across the Flat, 1 m. 
2 furlongs, 24 yards, 200 sovs. each. At Epsom for the Derby, won by 
Spaniel, Riddlesworth second; *Sarpedon and twenty others started, but 
were not placed. At Ascot for a sweepstakes of 100 sovs. each, one mile, 
won by Vestus, ^Eneas second, Lioness third, Sarpedon and two others 
unplaced. Stockbridge for a sweepstakes of 100 sovs. each, one mile, won 
by Delight, Metheglin second, Sarpedon third, and two others unplaced. 
Same meeting, (or a sweepstakes of 5 sovs. each, for all ages, i}» miles, won 
by Little Red Rover, 4 yrs, 117 lbs, Sarpedon, 3 yrs, 105 lbs, second, The 
Whig, 3 yrs, 105 lbs, third. Stamford, for a sweepstakes of 100 sovs. each, 
half forfeit, New Mile, Sarpedon, 116 lbs, beat Tancred, 116 lbs. Same 
meeting, for Foal Stakes, 30 sovs. each, 20 forfeit; colts 119 lbs, fillies 116 
lbs, New Mile, Sarpedon beat Simon. Newmarket, Houghton Meeting, 
for a Handicap Sweepstakes, 30 sovs. each, 20 forfeit, for 3 year olds, 1 mile 
1 fur., 156 yards, Paddy, 98 lbs, first, ^Eneas, 106 lbs, second, Sarpedon, 113 
lbs, third, and two others unplaced. Same meeting, for the Audley End 
Stakes, of 30 sovs, each, 1 mile and 6 furlongs, Lucetta, 5 yrs, 117 lbs, first, 
The Cardinal, 4 yrs, 119 lbs, second, Sarpedon, 3 yrs, 100 lbs, third, An- 
thony, 3 yrs, ^6 lbs, fourth. 

At four years old started nine times, won two. At Newmarket, for 
the Oakland Stakes, 50 sovs. each, half forfeit, 2 miles, 97 yards, won by 
Oxygen, 4 yrs, 107 lbs, Mazeppa, 4 yrs, 116 lbs, second, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 
107 lbs, third. Same place, for a sweepstakes of 30 sovs , 20 forfeit, 2 miles 
and 97 yards, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 102 lbs, first, Variation, 4 vrs, 116 lbs, sec- 
ond, Conciliation, 4 yrs, 98 lbs, third Schumla, 4 yrs.'loS lbs, fourth. 
Ascot, for the Eclipse Foot, with 200 sovs. added by His Majesty, added to 
a sweepstakes of 100 sovs. each, for all ages, New Mile, Priam, 5 yrs, 131 
lbs, first, Sarpedon, 122 lbs, second. Stockbridge for the Cup value 100 
sovs, added to a sweepstakes of 10 sovs, i% miles, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 147 lbs, 
first, Little Red Rover, 5 yrs, 160 lbs, second, Glenartney, aged, 161 lbs, 
third, Same day, for the Bibury Stakes, 2$ sovs. each, 15 forfeit, with 30 
sovs: added, Lawnsleeves, 6 years, 122 lbs, first. Whisk, aged, 123 lbs, sec- 
ond, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 120 lbs, third, and two others unplaced. At Stam- 
ford, for the Burghley Stakes, of 25 sovs. each, 15 forfeit, 5 if declared, with 
25 sovs. added, once around, Santillane, 3 yrs, 88 lbs, first, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 
120 lbs, second, filly by Catton, 4 yrs, 105 lbs, third, and five others un- 
placed. Same place, for a Gold Cup, value 100 sovs, of 10 sovs. each, four 
miles, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 122 lbs, first. Butcher Boy, 4 yrs, 112 lbs, second, 
Vassia, aged, 130 lbs, third, and Fordwise, 4 yrs, 1 12 lbs, fourth. At 
Goodwood, for the Goodwood Stakes, 2>£ miles, Lucetta, 6 yrs, 131 lbs, 
first, Changeling, 4 yrs, 92 lbs, second, Sarpedon, 4 yrs, 125 lbs, and ten 
others were unplaced. Same meeting, for His Majesty's Plate, of 100 gs., 
three miles, Jocko, aged, 134 lbs; first, Lucetta, 6 yrs, 123 lbs, second, Sar- 
pedon, 4 yrs, 120 lbs, third, Whisky, 4 yrs, 120 lbs, fourth. 

At five years old started in a sweepstakes at Newmarket, 2 miles, 97 
yards, won by Lady Elizabeth, 4 yrs, 122 lbs' Sarpedon, 5 yrs, 116 lbs, sec- 
ond, but broke down in the race. 

Sarpedon was imported to Arrerica in 1834, and made his first season 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



that year. He died in 1846 at W. G. Skillman's, near Lexington, Ky. The 
following are among the most noted of his get: Alice Carneal, Ariel, Banjo 
Bill, Brown Stout, Camden, Duanna, Dolly Milam, Dick Menifee, Earl of 
Marlborough, Fleta, Grace, Louis D'Or, Mary Ann Firman, Red Eye, 
Sleeper, Susan Tyler, Templar, Wellington and William Emilius. Sar- 
pedon was greatly neglected and unappreciated until after his death, when 
his sons, Louis D'Or, Red Eye, and his distinguished daughters Alice Car- 
neal and Ariel, brought his name prominent before breeders and rescued 
his name from an unhonored grave. 

Lexington's performances. 

Lexington, Ky., May 22, 1853.' — Association Stake, for three-year 
olds; colts S6 lbs, fillies S3 lbs. Twenty subscribers at $ioo each, $50 for- 
feit, the Association to give the winner silver plate of value the of fioo. 
Mile heats. Value $1,700. 

E. Warfield's b c Darley (Lexington), by Boston, dam Alice Carneal . 1 1 
John Harper's br c Wild Irishman, by imp. Glencoe, dam Mary Mor- 
ris 2 2 

John Campbell's ch f Fanny Fern, by imp. Glencoe, dam Cub . . . . 4 3 
J. M. Clay's b f Madonna, by imp. Yorkshire, 4am Magnolia . . . 3 ds 
H. W. Farris' ch g Castro, by imp. Glencoe, dam by Wagner .... dis. 

D. Mclntyre's ch f by imp. Glencoe, dam Yarico dis. 

T. K. Duke's ch f Blonde, by imp. Glencoe, dam Sister to Tangent . . dis. 

R. P Field's b c Jim Barton, by Grey Eagle, dam Ann Innis dis. 

Adams & Ford's ch c McGrath, by imp. Glencoe, dam by John 

Richards dis. 

J. L. Bradley's b c Vandal, by imp, Glencoe, dam by imp. Tranby . . dis. 

F. G. Murphy & Co.'s b c Big Boston, by Boston, dam Tranbyanna . dis. 
Tavlor & Eale's ch c Garret Davis, by imp. Glencoe, dam Too Soon . dr. 

Time, I'.-jsK, I'SJ. 

Twelve came to the post for this stake. With this large field of the 
most promising and high bred colts in Kentucky, it may well be imagined 
that great interest was felt, and wagers were laid in every conceivable way 
in the betting circles. Garrett Davis had the call over any colt in the race. 
Darley had but few supporters. His enlightened and spirited owner, 
Dr. E. Warfield, a gentleman who contributed more to keep up the sport 
at Lexington, Ky., than any person of his day, named him, and the writer 
often heard him say when Darley was a colt, and up to this race, that here- 
after breeders would trace back to Warfield's Darley. How true were his 
predictions this history will show. 

A false start was made prior to the first heat, and Darley, Garrett 
Davis and Madonna ran about two miles and three-quarters before they 
could he pulled up. With the consent of the judges Garrett Davis was then 
withdrawn from distress and his backers' money saved. The race is easily 
described. The track was nearly knee deep in mud, and raining hard during 
the pendency of the race. Not five minutes were given between the run 
away and the start. When the drum tapped Darley led off, was never 
headed, and distanced all but three. The second heat was a duplicate of 
the first, Madonna being distanced in the second heat. 

Same meeting, Frid. May 27th. — Citizens' Stakes, for three-year 
olds, seventeen subscribe.s, at $100, $50 forfeit; the citizens of Lexington 
giving the winner a silver plate of the value of $100. Two mile heats. 

E. Warfield's b c Darley (Lexington) pedigree above 2 1 1 

John Harper's ch f Midway, by Boston, dam by Mingo 1 2 2 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



g 



Taylor & Eale's ch c Garrett Davis, pedigree above 4 3 

J. M. Clay's ch f Margaret West, by imp. Yorkshire, dam Heraldy 3 dis. 

R. P. Field's b c Jirn Barton, pedigree above 5 dis- 

J. K. Duke's ch f Blonde, pedigree above dis 

John Campbell's ch f Eva, by Boston, dam Fanny Ellsler .... dis. 
Time, 3:42^, 3:4133, 3:49. 



We can not give a description ot this race. Suffice it to say that Darley 
did not run for the first heat, but won the second and third with great ease. 
After this race the colt was bought by Mr. R. Ten Broeck, and his name 
changed, as will be seen by the following letter to the Spirit of the Times: 

Lexington, Ky., May 28th, 1853. 
Dear Sir: — I send you the papers this morning containing an account 
of the races and an advertisement of the stakes for New Orleans, which 
piease publish with the others. I have purchased Dr. Warfield's Boston 
coll, out of Alice Carneal, for which I claim the name of Lexington — price 
$2,500. Lexington is a bay colt, four white feet and a snip, and was foaled 
March 17th, 1850; he was g°t by Boston, out of Alice Carneal, by imp. 
Sarpedon, grandam Rowena by Sumpter, g g dam Lady Grey by Robin 
Grey, g g g dam Maria by Melzar, 5 g g g dam by imp. Highflyer, g g g g 
g dam by imp. Fearnaught, g g g g g g dam by .Erial (brother to Partner), 
g g g g g g g dam by Jack of Diamonds, gggggggg Old Diamond 
(called Duchess). Both Jack of Diamonds and Old Diamond were im- 
ported by Gen. Spotswood, of Virginia, and both were by Cullen's Ara- 
bian. The colt was bred by me, as was also his dam, which I now and will 
ever own. Signed: E. Warfield." 

"I shall be in New Orleans in a week. Dr. Warfield is one of the most 
wealthy and respectable gentleman in Kentucky — seventy-two years of age, 
and as fine as a four-year old. The pedigree of Lexington is certified by 
his former owner, a gentleman without reproach. Yours truly 

R. Ten Broeck." 

It is stated that Dr. Warfield asked $5 000 for the colt, but he was 
bought for $2,500 cash, with the contingency of $2,500 additional if he won 
the great State Stake at New Orlean 1 , When informed that it was the in- 
tention to enter him for this stake, and that he should have the $2,500 in 
case he won it, he replied "take him, I know he will win it, and I am cer- 
tain of getting the five thousand dollars." 

His first appearance under his new name, was on the Metairie Course, 
New Orleans, December 2d, 1853, ' n a match race on the following terms: 

New Orleans, La., Friday, December 1, 1S53 — Match for ,<fS,soo ($5,- 
000 on Sal ie Waters vs. $3,500 on Lexington) h. It. Tnree-mile heats. 

R. Ten Broeck's b c Lexington. 3 yrs, by Boston, dam Alice Carneal . 1 1 
L. Smith's b f Sallie Waters, 4 yrs, by imp. Glencoe, dan Maria 

Black * 2 dis 

Time— 6:231.,', 6:24)4, 

Track heavy . 

We clip from the New Orleans Picayune the lollowing account of the 
race: 

THE GREAT MATCH RACE AT NEW ORLEANS. 

"The success of Sallie Waters last spring in the sweepstakes over the 
Metairie Course, two mile heats, in which she beat Arrow after a struggle 
of three hea's, was the main cause of yesterday 's race. I' may be said with 
truth that the result of that race engendered a bitter racing animosity, 



IO 



MEMOIR OI" LEXINGTON. 



which gave full vent to itself when the "high contracting parties" met in 
Kentucky last Spring The Great State Post Stakes to be run here next 
Spring (which will doubtless bring together the finest field of horses that 
ever met anywhere) superinduced each party in the stake to possess him- 
self cf the best race horse that could be found. The Alabama party, (al- 
ready in the slake) from the repeated success of their favorite, fully believed 
they had already held possession of the finest jewel of the crown in Sal- 
lie Waters, and were eomparatively content to rest upon their well earned 
laurels, or if necessity required it, to "fight their battles o'er again." Sallie 
stoor" the champion of Alabama. Not so those whom she had vanquished. 
Intent upon the same high position which Alabama might have properly 
been believed to occupy, those who represented the other States, were in 
search of the fleetest of the fleet, the strongest of the strong, to deride her 
claim to supremacy, and when the purchase of Lexington was effected, the 
parties met, and yesterday's match was but the beginning of the end. The 
controversies which, during the summer, appeared in the New York Spirit 
of the Times, giving vigor and vitality to that department of that journal, 
added fuel to the flame, and the merits of every sire, dam, colt and filly, 
from the celebrated ride into Jerusalem down to the Godolphin Arabian, 
and even to the present moment, have been fairly and unfairly discussed. 
Yesterday the mountain labored and the mouse appeared. 

The race was made at odds, $5,000 to $3,500, three mile heats — the Sal- 
lie Waters party betting the larger amount. Sallie maintained and even 
increased her position in the betting up to the last moment, Lexington's 
friends either waiting for longer odds or fearful that the climate might have 
effected their favorite. The betting closed at 2 to 1 on Sallie. 

Upon stripping the fine form of Sallie, and the apparent excellence of 
her condition, challenged the admiration of all. To our mind, she was a 
shade too high, and we so remarked to others. Lexington's appearance, as 
he walked past the stand, was by means attractive, and he violates all the 
rules laid down by horsemen in the purchase of a horse — 'four white legs 
deny him,' is the old maxim — and in addftion to that eye-sore, he has glassy 
or 'wall' eyes, and is 'a blazed 3'oung rip;' but when stripped his form did 
certainly command admiration. His style ol going is the poetry of motion, 
and the horse that outruns him in a sticky, heavy track, like that of yester- 
day must be a sort of steam engine in disguise. 

Sallie by no means justified the expectation of her backers, and to our 
mind proved conclusively that a muddy track is no place for her. She labored 
excessively, and from the tap of the drum to the close of the race she showed 
no sign of speed that could for a moment strengthen the hopes or wishes of 
those most largely interested in her fate— for her fate was their own. 

The day was lovely, the attendance was very numerous, the course was 
extremely heavy, tough and inelastic, and the contest uninteresting. 

"The word was given, and Sallie (on the outside) made a dash to take 
the track, without success; she kept up her run, however, and they both 
lapped to the stand, in 2:18 (excellent time for the state of the track, which 
was heavy and sticky). Lexington shook her off* in the second mile and 
passed the judges' stand two lengths ahead in 2:10, Sallie receiving the spur. 
To any practiced eye the race was over, and the third mile he came home an 
easy winner in 6:233^. He cooled off so finely that $100 to $10 was bet 
beiore the second heat, which he won in 6:24 without an effort, distancing 
her, and establishing that despite his 'four white leet and white nose' he is 
one of the best racers thet has shown here for many ytars. 

"In fact, the Lexington party oft' red to draw the match this morning, 
but the other party refused, expectirg a forfeit I presume, and their confi- 
dence was, of course, much increased by this offer. Lexington's friends did 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



I I 



not like his condition; about five weeks before he became sick, and ten days 
before the match was sent from Natchez under the care of a "Darkie" to 
take slow gallops only, and that his condition could not be relied upon — 
that undergoing the process of acclimation, as he was, they feared he might 
weaken in the race and be badly beaten." 

Shortly after this match, and indeed before it was run, considerable 
feeling had been elicited through the Spirit of the Times upon Boston and 
his get, when Mr. Ten Broeck issued the following challenges, which elicited 
no response: 

THE BOSTONS AGAINST THE WORLD, 

"As there has been considerable discussion in regard to the ability cf 
Boston and his progeny as racers, and as I happen to own some of them, of 
which I have a iavorable opinion, to test their power I make the following 
proposals: 

"I will name twoot the get of Boston, against any two horses not sired 
by him, to run two mile heats over the Metairie Course at New Orleans, on 
the 24th day of March next for five or ten thousand dollars a side. The 
party accepting to name either sum, to send the forfeit money and the name 
of the horse to John G. Cocks. Esq., President of the Metairie Jockey Club, 
which will close the match The names of the horses of both parties will 
then immediately be published in the daily papers of New Orleans, But 
one horse to start for each party, and to be named at the post; or, 

"I will run the same race over the Newmarket Course at Petersburg, 
Va., on the 12th day ot June next, for ten thousand dollars a side, with the 
same conditions, excepting that it shall be obligatory upon both parties to 
have the named horses at New Orleans on the 15th day of April next; and 
if, after they are named, either party fails to produce the horses as above 
stated, the party failing shall be considered as having foifeited. 

"I will also run four of the get of Boston, in Post Stakes, two, three r 
and four-mile heats, over the Metairie Course, i\ew Orleans, for ten or 
twenty thousand dollars a side in each race —two-mile heats on the 24th day 
of March next; three-mile heats on the 16th day of April, and four -mile 
heats on the 24th day of April. Or, 

"] will run over Newmarket Course, two-mile heats, 12th day of June; 
three-mile heats 17th day of June, and (our-mile heats 24th day of June, 
subject to the conditions and ob igations as in the first two propositions. 
Or 

"I will name the same four horses for five thousand dollars for an 'in- 
side stake' on the four-mile day ol the Metaire meeting, which will come on 
the 6th, 7th or 8th of April. The precise day to be published two weeks 
previous to the race. One horse to start on each side, and to be named at 
the post. 

"Should all the propositions be taken by an acceptor naming the same 
hordes tor each race, I will name the same four Bostons; but should different 
parties take the propositions, with changes of horses, as only four Bostons 
are to be named, the first acceptor shall have the preference, unless one party 
accepts the three races wilh the same horses at two, three and four mile 
heals, when the preference will be given to him. 

"No acceptance will be valid unless the lorfeit raorev, 35 per cent., ac- 
companies it. In the p p race the whole amount ol the race money must 
be deposiied My forfeit money is in the hands ol John G. Cooks, Esq. 

"A writer over the signature ol 'Turf,' in his challenge from Canada to 
run Berry at New Orleans before the April meeting, at two, three and four 
mile heat , neglected a^very important part of a match race. He makes no 
mention of any amount of money to run for. If 'Turf was in downright: 



I 
1 



12 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



earnest, he may be able to select from amongst my propositions one that 
will suit his views. 

"These proposals will remain open until the ist day of March ensuing, 
at which time an acceptance must be received in this city by the President 
of the Metairie jockey Club; and. to prevent discussion, I now state that I 
will not accept any other proposals or modily the present. 

R. Ten Broeck." 

"New Orleans, January 19th, 1854." 

These proposals were never accepted, and the discussion led to the 
Great Slate Stakes, which we will proceed to give, as given by the New 
Orleans Picayune,' 

"Rarely has a lovelier spring day opened on more brilliant ho->es and 
expectations than that which yesterday dawned upon the thousands who, 
to a greater or less degree, were rushing forward to the great event of the 
day with the most pleasureable expectations. The race! the great struggle 
of States for superiority in that contest which had for months enlisted so 
much feeling, so much Slate pride, so much individual competition, had 
been the ruling idea, in all circles and scarcely any other topic had been 
discussed or thought of. Myriads of strangers, as the wondenul day ap- 
proached, had thronged our city, and almost nothing else was talked of but 
the probable or possible result of this great sporting affair. Opinions of 
every kind and shade were freely expi essed. Each one of < he gallant States 
that had so chivalrously come into the arrangement had its hosts of repre ■ 
sentatives on the ground, and each indulged in earnest and eloquent eulo- 
gies upon his favorite. Banters were offered, bets were made, speculations 
were indulged in. predictions were ventured, hopes and tear were expressed, 
and the town topic that lasted up to the very moment when the tap of the 
drum gave signal for the <-tart. Even the la'ies caught the infectious ex- 
citement, and made up their pretty purses. The fair Mobelians were strong 
on Highlander, and the Kentucky belles wondered how any reasonables 
person could doubt that Lexington would assuredly win. Mississippi relied 
confidently on Lecomte, without making much ado; while Louisiana de- 
ported herself modestly, and hoped her Arrow would go straight to 'he 
mark. The contest had been worth provoking, had it been al me for the 
pleasure arising from the sparkling of so many bright eyes, and the ming- 
ling of so many joyous laughs as sprung from its discussion 

"The day was fair, bright clear and mild; the sky was all blue, the air 
all balm, the earth all beautitul. A lovelier day was never born 01 spring — 
fitter to be the first of spring's fairest months. Th^ warmest expectations 
that oould have been formed of what the coming ' dav would bring forth" 
must have been more than d.mbled bv the first glimpse at the morn that 
broke upon their waking vision. It was a day firmed hy the hand of na- 
ture expressly for pleasure, and there seemed no room for s 1 much as the 
possibility of disappointment From an early hour all th : roa is avenues 
and means of approach, by every possible kind of conveyance, were put in 
requisition. Tne ci y was comparatively deserted Business teemed (we, 
who were not among the couldn't get aways were told) to be suspended; 
everybody who was anybody, or wanted to be deemed anybody, had gone 
to the race Dinner hours were postponed, eng igements were forgotten, 
and should not at all wonder it bank notifications, in some instances, slipp J d 
some memories. The race for everybody, and everybody for the race " 

The variety of the modes adopted, by which to reacti the cours=", was a 
source of no little amusement to the curious lookers- >n. The luxurious 
private caniage, taking its leisure and rolling on with cmfident security of 
being in time without hurrying, and as it uirned out for a dashing pair of 
bloods, regarding its rivals with a bland, /est ilia lente kind of compassion; 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 15 



the coach, the cab, the cart, the caniage of every sort, with one horse or 
lour, and some even with the humble animal that the prophet Balaam was 
not ashamed to ride, made up a variety that was, in its way, far from unex- 
citing. And then, the plodders on foot, or en cheval (who name is legion) 
and the many passengers on cars (whose names were many legions) all 
helped to swell the great stream of life, whose ocean was the race course. 
Such a moving panorama has never before been exhibited in these parts. 

On entering the enclosure we were struck with the excellence of the 
arrangements that had been made by the proprietor for admission of the 
proper persons at the proper places. There was no unnecessary jostling or 
crowding to the inconvenience of those who came in good time, and who 
had provided themselves with the means of ingress, announced as necessary 
by the management. The next thing we saw that gratified us especially 
was the evident disposition of the occupants of all parts of the course ap- 
propriated to spectators to regard the regulations promulgated by the pro- 
prietor. And this remark will fairly apply to the entire day. 

The liberal attendance of ladies was a delightful feature of the day. 
There were brilliant representatives of the beauty and taste of our fair State 
and many of her sister States. There were besides Louisiana belles and 
beauties, belles and beauties from Alabama, Mississippi and Kentucky, who 
took a most praiseworthy interest in the incidents of the occasion. The 
presence of ladies has always a benign influence, but we have never seen 
it more pleasantly executed than in this instance. 

There were a great many of our most distinguished citizens from all 
parts of the Southern country present, including Governors, Judges, Mayors 
and other officials, not to name all of whom, if any, would seem invidious, 
and we can not remember half of them. Ex -President Fillmore and ex- 
Secretaries Kennedy and Conrad attracted and received a great deal of at- 
tention, and were politely invited by the judges of the race to view it from 
the judges' stand. They seemed to take much interest '.n the sport, and in 
the intervals, in the society of the distinguished company assembled in the 
members' and ladies' stand. 

There must have been fully twenty thousand persons within. the en- 
closure of the Metairie Course upon this great and interesting occasion. 
Yet we never have seen more perfect order preserved among a large body 
of men than that which prevailed throughout the day. We were not cog- 
nizant of a single dereliction of the duty that one man owes to another, in 
any single respect; no drunkenness, no disputes, no quarrels, no unseemly 
or boisterous remarks. The incidents and result of the race we subjoin. 
But in closing our necessarily hasty and cursory general remarks, we can 
not forbear noting '.he fact that Old Kentucky had, and fully availed her- 
self of, a glorious opportunity of manifesting her characteristic State pride 
upon this occasion. It was inspiring to see the bright eyes of her daughters 
sparkling with joy, and to hear their ringing laughs and exultant shouts, as 
the champion of their State was going on "conquering and to conquer," 
and adding another to the already many noble trophies that have been gal- 
lantly won by Old Kentuck. 

"And now to incidents of the race: 

"The judges' stand was occupied by ex-President Fillmore and several 
other distinguished strangers, besides the judges of the race. The judges 
selected by the subscribers of the Stake were as follows : Colonel Wade 
Hampton was the judge chosen to represent Alabama; Col. J. J. Hughes 
for Louisiana; Mr. Robert Evans for Kentucky; Judge Pickney Smith for 
Mississippi, and Judge J. G. Cocks, the President of the Metairie Jockey 
Club, presiding. The betting for several days previous to the race and yes- 
terday morning, in the city, was brisk and heavy, Highlander being gener 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



ally the first favorite and Lexington the second favorite. The field was 
frequently backed against Highlander at odds of two to one. On arriving 
at the course the crowd for a time appeared to feel impatient, fearing that 
they could not have a chance to lay out their money. Pocket-books flew 
•open, and for an hour the betting was very lively, but not much changed 
from what it had been. We heard many bets made as follows: Even be- 
tween Highlander and Lexington; $50 to $100 that Highlander would take 
the first heat. There was of course a variety of bets concerning many 
minor points and the particular placing of the horses. The course was 
very heavy from the previous rain, and the strong wind which prevailed had 
so hardened the mud that it was very stiff and unyielding, clinging to the 
hoof with great tenacity." 

Fiist Heat — The horses came promptly up to the stand, and moved off 
without difficulty, well together, and passed around the first turn in tne 
following order: Lexington leading, Arrow second, Lecomte third, with 
Highlander trailing. In this position the first mile was run, all being with- 
in a fair distance of each other. On entering the second mile Lecomte 
went up and lapped Lexington for a short distance, but they all soon re- 
sumed their original positions for the remainder of the second mile and the 
whole of the third mile, at about the same rate of speed. On making the 
first turn of the fourth mile Arrow began to feel the effects ol the heavy 
mud and slackened his speed, Highlander passing him, taking the third 
position and gradually making up the gap between himself and his two 
competitors. Lecomte coming home, pushed for the lead; but Lexington 
held his course steadily and won the heat under a strong pull by about 
three lengths, in S:oS%, distancing Ar.ow. The Kentuckians, who are a 
famous people for shouting, gave a loud cheer for their favorite and the bet- 
ting people began to make new arrangements. 

"Second Heat — After much discussion on minor points the betting ap- 
peared to settle down to about two to one on Lexington against the field, 
Lecomte generally being considered as the chief reliance of the fielders. 
Highlander's friends were in bad spirits, but some of them contended that 
he had not yet exerted himself, that he ran nearly all the first heat far from 
the pole, and they, therefore, took up the odds offered against him. On 
starting for the second heat Highlander took the lead on the first turn, with 
Lexington second, but all well together. On the backstretch Lecomte 
made a brush and took the lead of the party, entering the second mile in 
advance, and Lexington second. In this position they ran the mile. At 
the entrance of the third mile Highlander made his first and only brush; 
he went up to Lexington and nearly passed him for a short distance, but 
Lexington soon shook him off round the turn, Lecomte leading throughout 
the mile by nearly eight lengths. On the first quarter of the fourth mile 
Highlander began to exhibit distress, and gave up his stride near the same 
spot and in the same manner as Arrow had done in the first heat. Lexing- 
ton, on the back stretch, now went to work in earnest, gradually closing up 
the gap on Lecomte, both striving hard for the supremacy and the pace in- 
creasing On the third quarter Lexington locked Lecomte, and they swung 
into the homestretch side and side, the excitement running high amongst 
the anxious thonsands and cheers rending the air. Down they came home, 
rushing like a torrent, each at the top of his speed, as if life depended upon 
every jump, but the speed of Lexington was superior and he shot pa?t the 
judges, amidst cheers of the ladies and deafening shouts ot the men, in 
8:04, the last mile being run in quicker time than any other in the race. 

Our readers who were not present at the race would sadly misjudge the 
merits of this great contest, did they only make up their opinion of the 
severity of the struggle by glancing at the time, which we acknowledge 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



would appear slow if the track had been in good condition, Under all the 
circumstances of the case, the race was an excellent one; its varying 
chances, its uncertain termination up to the last moment, the severity of 
the contest, the amount of money at stake, and the immense number of 
persons in attendance, will render it a brilliant event in the racing annals 
of this country, 

SUMMARY. 

Saturday, April ist, 1854. — Great State Post Stake, for all ages; weights 
for three-year olds 86 lbs; four, 100 lbs; five, 110 Ibe ; six, 118 lbs; seven 
and upwards, 124 pounds; 3 pounds allowed mares and geldings. Four 
subscribers at $5,000 each, pay or play, each horse starting in the race to 
receive $1,000 out of the stakes, provided he is not distanced, and the win- 
ner to receive the remainder. Each State subscribing to be represented by 
the signature of three responsible gentlemen, residents of said State, a ma- 
jority of whom shall name the horse to stait. Ihe stakes to be deposited 
with the President of the New Orleans Metairie Jockey Club two days pre- 
vious to the race. Four mile heats. Value $20,000. 

Subscribers for the State of Louisiana — T. J. Wells, D. F. Kenner, J. 
Hiddleston. 

Subscribers for Alabama — L. E. Smith, S. M. Hill, S. J. Hunter. 
Subscribers for Kentucky — Willa Viley, J. K. Duke, J. B. Clay. 
Subscribers for Mississippi — P. B. Starke, John C. Ince, John Linton. 

Kentucky's b c Lexington, 3 y o, by Boston, dam Alice Carneal; 86 

lbs — H. Meichon 1 1 

Mississippi's ch c Lecomte, 3 y o, by Boston, dam Reel; S6 pounds — 

John 2 2 

Alabama's ch c Highlander, 4 y o, by imp. Glencoe; dam Castanett; 100 

lbs 3 ds 

Louisana's ch g Arrow, 4 y o, by Boston, dam Jeanetteau; 97 lbs — 

Abe dis. 



First Heat. Second Heat. 

Mile 2:01 Mile 2:02 

Second 2 :o2 Second . 2 :o3 •» 

Third 2:01% Third i:59>! 

Fourth 2:04% Fourth . 1:59 



8:08% 8:04 

"One of the most pleasant incidents connected with the tecent great 
State Stake, is the fact that although immense sums of money were won and 
lost, still the losers not only did not murmur, but took the defeat of their 
favorite horse with great manliness and good humor. It is a very old adage 
that when two men ride the same horse one man must ride behind. We 
are also pleased to observe that the winning party have borne themselves 
with great modesty, avoiding any attempt at exultation, as it would certainly 
be in bad taste as well as ungenerous to win a man's money and laugh at 
him afterwards. A portion of the winners on Saturday dropped on the race 
of Sunday a fraction of their quickly acquired gains, and thereby relieved 
their wallets with any plethora which good luck or judgment might have 
brought them. During the present and next racing week, those gentlemen 
who at the present moment were a ''little behind the lighthouse" in their 
financial arrangement in relation to betting, will have many good opportu- 
nities to recuperate and "break even." Heavy betting is usually confined to 



2 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



a class of persons who can well afford to loose and laugh, for he who would 
grieve over losses should never tempt fortune for the gratification of win- 
ning. 

"Another very gratifying incident, in respect to the late sporting event, 
was the extreme good order which prevailed, the freedom from drunken- 
ness, dispute or brawls, and the happy exemption from all accidents. Many 
persons have always associated the race course in their minds with some- 
thing horribly demoralizing. That, like the theatre, or any other amuse- 
ment, it may be made so, when badly managed by improper persons, and 
not countenanced by the presence of the better class of both ladies and gentle- 
men, we admit; but who that attended the great race on Saturday last ever 
saw 20,000 people assembled on any occasion or for any purpose, where 
greater decorum of language, conduct and good feeling prevailed? It is 
sometimes apparently the delight «f persons at a distance, and unacquaint- 
ed with our habits, to decry the good name of our city, but on this occasion 
we take pleasure in saying that the many distinguished visitors from all 
parts of the country who were witnesses and participants in our manly 
and exciting sports, will bear willing testimony to the high tone of gentle- 
manly manner and conduct which prevailed, no less than to the agreeable 
vivacity and loveliness there assembled. The whole affair has gratified the 
reasonable expectations of its projectors and supporters, has brought many ' 
visitors to our city , been of benefit to the business of our people, cemented old 
friendships as well as formed new acquaintances, made our city more gay 
and delightfully attractive, and afforded to all classes an honorable, manly 
and exhilarating sport." 

SUMMARY. 

New Orleans, La., Saturday, April 8th, 1854. Jockey Club Purse, 
$2,000, for all ages; weights as before; four mile heats. 

T. J. Wells' ch c Lecomte, 3 y o by Boston, dam Reel; 89 lbs . 

Abe 1 1 

R. Ten Broeck's b c Lexington, 3 y o by Boston, dam Alice Carneal: 

86 lbs . H. Meichon 2 2 

Judge J. S. Hunter's ch g Reube, aged, by Imp. Trustee, dam Minstrel; 

123 lbs . John Ford 3 dis 

TIME. 

First Heat. Second Heat. 

1st mile . .1:53 1st mile . . 2:02 

2d mile . . 1:54 2d mile . . 15S 

3d mile . . 1:49^ 3d mile . . 1:46 

4th mile . . 1 :49>a 4th mile . . 1 152% 

7:26. 7:38^. 

Horses at New Orleans dated their ages from the 1st of May, conse- 
quently Lecomte and Lexington were four, but ran as three-year old. 

The following description of the race is taken from the New Orleans 
Picayune : 

"The fashion of this world passeth away," saith the good book, and we 
have a new illustration of it furnished us by the events of yesterday's race 
on the Metairie Course. Fashion's 7:32^ and 7:45 on Long Island in 
1842, and George Martin's 7:33 and 7:43 here in 1843 — the two best races 
that have ever been run — have been signally beaten by the winner of the 
day. Where is Eclipse now? exclaimed Young America when Fashion 
beat Boston in five seconds less time than was made by the conqueror of 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON 



Henry. Where is Fashion now? we, in our turn, demand, as we see her 
beaten in six seconds and a half less time than her own. Truly, we live in 
a progressive age, and what we are coming to who can tell? 

'•During the week past the question has been repeatedly asked if any ot 
the contestants in the late State Stake race would run again during the 
present season. A feverish excitement pervaded the community in view of 
such a possible event, and the conviction was freely expressed that if it 
were to come off Lexington would be likely to have his well won laurels 
cropped, if not lose them entirely. A contest between Lexington and Le- 
eomte was freely talked of as a thing that must be, and when, on Friday 
evening it was announced on the course that an arrangement to that effect 
had been made.and that the next day would see its consummation, the news 
spread electrically, and we found ourselves again in the midst of an excite- 
ment, of course. 

"Everything was in favor of the prospect of sport. The track was in 
tip-top order, confessedly. The day rose fair, and continued so. The ride 
to the course was delightful. Everything seemed to favor the occasion. 
From an early hour to a late one all the roads were filled by travelers, 
availir g themselves of every kind and description of locomotion. Every- 
thing, from a dray to a four-in hand, was in requisition, and they who were 
"too late for the wagon" walked. Fully ten thousand people must have 
been present in the stands and in the field. The sight was truly animating. 
The ladies, as upon the former great occasion, made a great show upon the 
stands appropriated to them by the gallantry of the Club, and added no little 
to the pleasure of the day. Betting, which was by no means slow in any part 
of the course, ran amusingly high in this department of it, and we saw many 
anti Lecomte bets most cheerfully and smilingly paid by laughing losers, 
while many musical reminders that Lexington had lost suggested to as many 
overtaken gentlemen that place aux dames should be their motto in settling 
their books. We grieve to say that Lexington, by the bye, proved to be the 
favorite, to a great extent, among the ladies, who, we will do them the 
credit to say, paid up with most commendable promptness, so far as they 
could do so on the field. Of the gloves and handkerchiefs, and other petty 
trifles, which they wagered, we, of course, cannot speak with equal confi- 
dence. The race, ot which we give below a detailed account, was indeed 
an exciting one. Since the races we have alluded to as hitherto among the 
greatest that have, been run, there has been nothing like it; and in all Its in- 
cidents, from the start to the victory, it will always be remembered as pre- 
eminently the greatest four-mile race on record. 

"The betting was extremely heavy; still, it was less than on the last 
■wetl^s race, as there were not so many strangers in town, and money had 
not been sent here from abroad to be invested on the side of any favorite. 
Before leaving the city, Lexington was the favorite at even money against 
the field, but a few minutes betore the race we witnessed some transactions 
in which Lexington was backed at 100 to 60 against the field or 100 to 60 
against Lecomte. Much money was ri-ked on time, but the lowest time 
that we could hear of being marked was 7:32. 

"So far as we could judge, the horses all appeared to be in excellent 
condition and "eager for the fray," as they moved to and fro before the 
stands, to the admiration of the anxious thousands. The drum taps and the 
horses dash off with a rush for the first heat, and on passing the first turn 
Lecomte led, Lexington being second and Reube trailing behind, but at as 
fast a gait and as bold a stride as he could well accomplish. Their positions 
did not vary for nearly three miles, although the pace increased; the space 
between the horses at times increasing and diminishing, Lexington several 
imes making a brush to take the lead, but Lecomte increasing his speed t* 



l8 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



prevent it. On entering the fourth mile, and on the back stretch of it, Lex- 
ington partially closed the gap that Lecomte had opened on him, and at- 
tempted to outf ot him. The attempt was immense, and elicited the loudest 
encomiums of Lexington's friends and backers; but it was ineffectual. The 
spur was freely used to induce him to do what his' friends claimed for him, 
that he was the fastest horse in the world at a brush; but Lecomte baffLd 
all his efforts, kept the lead and won the heat amid deafening shouts, by 
six lengths, in much the quickest time ever made in the world — 7:26! 

"If the result of t h e heat induced great shouting, t»ie announcement of 
the time produced still more clamorous demonstrations of delight. All 
knew that the heat was very fast, but each one of the hundred persons who 
held wa'ches could scarcely believe their own time, until the judges an- 
nounced it officially. 

' During the great excitement which was concentrated on the two con- 
tending horses, Reube had almost been lost sight of, but came home at a 
high rate of speed, making the best heat by far that he ever made in his life, 
although, as the red flag descended, he barely escaped being caught behind 

"Lexington, soon after the heat, appeared much distressed, as he had 
evidently been hard driven nearly the whole way; but he recovered well 
during the recess; Reube, also, to appearances after the heat, showed evi- 
dent symptoms that he had been running a harder race than he liked. Le- 
comte, who to all appearance had run much more at his ease, and with less 
effort than his competitors, not having been spurred during the heat was but 
little distressed considering the great time and the heat of the day. 

"The betting was changed about immediately, not less from the result of 
the previous heat than from the great apparent exertion that Lexington had 
made while running, and the aspect and condition of the horses after the 
heat. Reube's chances was considered hopeless with two such competitors 
against him. Most of the bets now made were for the purpose of hedg ng, 
and Lecomte was the favorite at $ too 10 ftio against the fie d. Each horse 
came up for the second heat with crest erect, and with a defiant demeanor 
cast proud glances from fierce eyes, determined apparently to win or die. 
Lexington this time led the way from the score for nearly two miles by 
about two lengths, when on coming d'own the stretch and passing the stands 
to enter the third mile, Lecomte, who had been bottled up, commenced his 
great brush, overhauled Lexington and passed him. Both now did their 
best, and the third mile was a constant strife throughout for the lead, and 
the quickest in the race, being run in 1 :<\(>; but Lecompte, although si hard 
pushed, never wavered, but ran evenly and steadilv along, about two lengths 
ahead. On the first turn of the fourth mile Lexington, who at that point 
was nearly up to his rival, for a moment gave back and lost his stride,, but 
he at once recovered it and pushed on with vigor, but with evidently great 
effort All was of no use, for Lecompte came home a winner by four 
lenghts in the astonishing time of 7:38%, distancing Reube. 

'The long pent-up feelings of the nearly frenzied thousands, who for 
some time had been almost breathless, now found vent, and all, losers as 
well as winners, ladies as well as gentlemen, shouted and applauded the 
magnificent contest, the glorious result and the gallant winner. We yes- 
terday wrote and published concerning the race: 'We look to day for a 
race, which for time and a close contest, can be matched against any ever 
run ' That prediction has been moie than fulfilled, the race not only 
matching but far exceeding any of the fleetest of them in regard to time. 

'•For more than t verity years the race of Eclipse and Henry, over the 
Union Course, Long Island, on the 27th of May, 1823, was the quickest on 
record. The shortest heat in that race was 7:37. In Fashion's race with 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Boston, over the Union Course, Long Island, May loth, 1S42, the time war 
7 : 3 2 )a< 7:4s- George Martin's fast race was run in this city on the 29th of 
March. 1843, and time was 7:33, 7:43- It is a remarkable fact, a? Lecomte 
is bv Boston, out of Reel, that his 6ire should have run in the quickest race 
of Fashion, and his dam. Reel, should, on December nth, 1S41, have won. 
a race in this city, the time of which was 7:40, 7:43. 

"The subject is fruitful of speculation in regard to time and blood, that 
we must rein in our pen to suit our space, well satisfied that we have wit- 
nessed the best race, in all respects, that was ever run; and that Lecomte 
stands proudly before the world as the best race horse ever produced on the 
turf." 

We extract the following additional items of the race from the Spirit of 
the Times, of May 27th, 1854: 

"It will be seen that in the second heat the first two miles were run in 
very slow time (4:00). being little better than exercise gallop for such horses 
on a course like the Metairie. as it was on this occasion. As we are in- 
formed, at near the termination of the second mile in the seconi heat, Le- 
comte made a rush, and before the "green" j ockev on Lexington ( *ha had 
led all the way) could be made to increase his stride, Lecomte had the lead 
by some fifteen yards. Lexington at once made play, and after closing the 
gap, collared Lecomte at the end of the third mile, which was run in 1 :^6. 
At this point of the heat some humbug shouted to Lexington's jockey to 
"pull up, the race is over." His jockey did pull up sure enough. Before 
he could get his horse on his stride again, Lecomte had opened a gap on 
him of from forty to fifty yards, and even Reube had nearly reached Lex- 
ington. (The fact is that a party betting th it both the othir h >rs^s *riuld 
not beat Reube, and finding "it a monstrous bad egg,' one of them shouted 
to Lexington's jocke y to 'pull up.' Reube, though a fine horse, 'had no 
show' in the race anyhow.) When Lexington declined so suddenly, the 
rider of Lecomte, with many others, thought that the horse had 'let down;' 
but being directed (by a capital correspondent of this paper) to 'go in ind 
win!' Lecomte made the running as if for a man's life, and the pace was so 
tremendous as to badly distance Reube. Lexington's jockey, on being ap- 
prised of his mistake, applied his 'persuaders' to his horse, who nobly re- 
sponded and closed the long gap between Lecomte and himself to within a 
couple of lengths ! Lexington must ljave run the third mile in Lri;, inas- 
much as the horses were lapped at the end of that mile, though when it 
commenced Lecomte was about four lengths ahead." 

In conversation some years since with Capt Willa Viley, who was a 
joint owner of Lexington with Mr. Ten Broeck, who purchased him of Dr. 
Warfield with Mr. Ten Broeck, and owned one-half of him when he won 
the State Stake, he stated to the writer that Lexington was turned out and 
his shoes taken off after the State Stake. Mr. Ten Broeck expressed a de- 
sire to run him in the lour-mile race on Saturday, wnich Captain Viley re- 
fused to consent to, and before he started for the race Mr. Ten Broeck was 
compelled to purchase Capt. Viley's half interest for $5,000. Capt. Viley 
was a gentleman of large experience in turf affairs, and one of the induce- 
ments to his buying an interest in Lexington, was that his old colored 
trainer, Harry, handled the colt in the stakes he won the spring he was 
three years old at Lexington, Ky. Capt Viley thought Lexington's con- 
dition so bad, that this was his reason for refusing to consent to his starting 
for the race in which he was beaten by Lecomte. 

A dav or two after the race between Lecomte, Lexington and Reube, 
the following note was handed Mr. T. J. Wells, the owner of Lecomte: 

New Orleans, La., April 10th, 1854. 

"Co). T. J. Wells — Dear Sir — I did not wish to run Lexington again 



■SO MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



this season, and believing you entertained the same sentiment in regard t» 
Lecomte, I forbore making a proposal which you would have to decline or 
change your views in respect to your horse (though I believe Lexington's 
defeat was caused by his unskillful rider). As. however, it was stated t» 
me at a public assemblage yesterday, that you said that Lecomte stood ready- 
to meet Lexington at any time, for any money, and at any distance, there- 
by inviting a proposal, I now say that I will run Lexington against Le- 
comte, four-mile heats, over the Metauie Course, on Wednesday of next 
week at 3 p m., for $10,000 a side, half forleit' which will be deposited to- 
day with the President of the Metairie Jockey Club, at which time you will 
also say whether the horses shall carry three or four-year old weights." 

Respectfully yours, &c, "R. Ten Broeck. 

N. B. — Each horse shall receive one-fourth net proceeds on the day ot 
the race." 



New Orleans, La., April 10th, 1854. 

"Dear Sir — Your note of this date has just been handed me. Your 
proposition to run Lexington against Lecomte, four-mile heats, on Wed- 
nesday of next week, for $10,000 a side, I beg leave respectfully to decline. 
Your obedient servant, T. J. Wells. 

CHALLENGE FROM LEXINGTON. 

To the Editor of the Spirit of the Times — Although the mistake made 
by the rider of Lexington, in pulling up at the end of three miles, in the 
recent fast lour mile race at New Orleans, was witnessed by thousands of 
persons, I believe it has not been referred to in print, except in the last num- 
ber of your paper. As Lexington will probably follow the tashion in mak- 
ing a foreign tour, I give the following as his valedictory: I will run him a 
single four miles over the Metairie Course at New Orleans (under the rules 
of the Club) against the fastest time at four miles that has been run in 
America, for the turn of ten thousand dollars, one-fourth forfeit. Two trials 
to be allowed, and the race to be run between the 1st and 15th of April 
next. Arrow to be substituted if Lexington is amiss. 

"Or I will run Lexington over the* same course four-mile heats, on Thurs- 
day previous to the next Metairie April meeting, against any named horse, 
at the rate expressed in the proposition subjoined. 

''Or I will run him over the Union Course at New York, the same dis- 
tance, on the third Tuesday in October. The party accepting the last race 
to receive twenty jive thousand dollars to twenty thousand, or to bet the 
same odds if Lexington travels to run at New Oi leans. The forfeit to be 
five thousand dollars ahd to be deposited with Messrs. Coleman & Stetson 
ot the Astor House when either race is accepted. If the amounts of the last 
propositions are too large, the> may be reduced one half, with iorfeit in the 
same proportion. The first acceptance coming to hand will be valid— sub- 
sequent ones declined — and received after the commencement of the races, 
at the Natioral Course, New York, the 26th of next month. 

'•New York, May 30th, 1854." R. Ten Broeck. 



In the same number of the Spirit of the Times "A Turfman," iu reply 
to "Olseiver," mskes the fcllcvurg picpositicn6 in concludirg his letter: 

"It is well understood that ''Observer" dees not own race horses, nor 
make matches, but it nay r.ot be cut ot place here to say that Mr. Wells 
will mitih Lect n te, al beats of fcur miles against any horse in the United 
Statts, tcr ii cm five tlcusard to ten thousand dollars aside, half iorfeit. 
Tie race to be run over the Metairie Ccurse near New Orleans, and agree- 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



ably to the rules of the Metairie Jockey Club — the party accepting may havei 
choice of New York or Virginia weights — on the Saturday previous to the 
next regular fall meeting over that course. 

"The sum of five hundred dollars will be allowed to the party accept- 
ing the challenge to defray expenses, provided the party accepting does not 
reside in an adjoining State of Louisiana. The forfeit money to be depos- 
ited on the acceptance of the proposition in New Orleans. And the propo- 
sition to be left open until the first day of September next. 

"A Tulfman." 



In the Spirit of the Times, June 24th, 1S54, appears the following chal 
lenge: 

GLENCOES AGAINST BOSTONS. 

"The undersigned will name four horses, the produce of Glencoe, which 
he will run against any f^ur horses, the produce of Boston, in the United 
States, at one, two, three and four-mile heats. The one mile race to be for 
$2,000; the two mile race to be for $3,000; the three mile race to be $4,000; 
the four mile race to be for $5,000. To make a race the matches must be 
all taken, and one half the amount of the sum proposed to be deposited as 
forfeit wih Miles & Cromeline, bankers, No. 50, Wall Street, New York, 
on or before the first day of September next, at which time the horses must 
all be named. The races to be run over the National Course near the city 
of New York, on the first Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday in 
October next, and to be governed by the rules of said cousre. 

'New York, June 19, 1854 " W. W. Boyden. 



In the issue of the same paper, a week before this challenge was issued 
by Mr. W. W. Boyden, June 19th, 1S54, the paper states that Lexington's 
challenge against Lecomte's time, 7:26, had been accepted by Col. Calvin 
Green and Capt. John Belcher, of Virginia, and the forfeit money deposited 
with Coleman & Stetson, of the Astor House. In the Spirit of the Times 
of July 8th, 1S54, we find the following communication: 

"THE CHALLENGE FROM LEXINGTON." 

"To the Editors of the New Orleans Delta— It has become necessary 
that I should respond to a communication in the Spirit of the Times of the 
3d inst., signed R. Ten Broeck, and dated New York, April 30H-. There 
appears to be a great similarity between the editorial containeJ in the pre- 
ceding number of the Spirit and the above named production. The re- 
semblance is so perfect that they might be considered as having the same 
origin. It may be that the paternity is a joint one. Indeed, it would seem 
the date of the 'Challenge from Lexington" was purposely arranged to claim 
the 'age' of the challenge in the communication signed - A Turfman.' And 
the coincidence in their publications, the one being dated three thousand 
miles off, and the other dated at New York, on the spot, is so striking that I 
•will be excused for saying that Mr. Ten Broeck's challenge was an alter- 
thought. If am wrong in the supposition that the communication of 'A 
Turfman' was shown Mr. Ten Broeck, before its publication I would then 
ask why was his challenge, which was dated the 30th of April, withheld un- 
til the 3d of June? The communication of 'A Turfman' was dated the 12th 
of May. 

"I make no complaint "against the editor of the Spirit of the Times. 
His paper is his private property, and he has the right to conduct it in hi g 
own wav. But I believe an J asseit that Mr. Ten Broeck did see the com. 
snunication signed 'A Turfman,' before it went to press, and that he fel 



22 MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 
tr 

called upon lo meet the challenge therein contained, and instead of doing 
to in an open and fair pioposition. he used it as a subterluge to avoid a 
meeting with Ltci mte. This conclusion is irresistible, if not from the facts 
state< , iron the illiberal teims of this challenge itself But what stamps 
upon Mr. Ten Brceck's r oie to the Spirit of the Times the truth oi mjr 
maiter contained in an editorial ol the paper of the 27th of May. Thus, 
i/ii. Ttn Broeck bting enc'oisid with a prescience so extraordinary, is 
enabled to reer to what the brain of the editor of the Spirit of the Times 
whl rail g <orih twenty -stven days hence. 

Murder, though it hath no tongue, will speak with most miraculous organ/ 

"This cl alle nge from Lexington is in perfect keeping with the taste a 
dispia^eo immediately altei the defeat of Lexington by Lecomte. A 
pit pe tition was mace to run Lexington against Lecomte, when it was 
tiwun 1 1 a 1 it could not or woi Id not be accepted It was well known to 
Wr. Itn Bioick that 1 ttrtnuoutly opposed Lecomte's running for the 
ilaie Slake, and 1 1 at my coi sent was not given until about three weeks 
prior to that event. He knew my objection arose from Ihe belief that no 
ti ret year ok. rider could mam ge Lecomte in a lour mile race. He knew 
I a'trtbtttd Lec< mte's beii g beat in that race to that fact He knew I 
»culd ti n Lece n le lor the lour-n ile day succeeding the State Stake — for 
I si txpiettcd myteli to Capt. V ley, Mr Duke, &c , &c — provided the 
tion. D. F. Leni.er's boj — Abe — could be reduced to within three or tour 
pcui ut of the proper wt ij ht to ride him ." 

'Mr 'i tii Biecckbeitg urged, perhaps, by too confident friends of 
Lc xirglon. ( 1 prcmpteolj a cttire 10 give lo his horse a fictitious reputa- 
ti< 1 , by bolstt rii g up h s iutuie fc rtunt s, or it may be, to gain for himself 
* «ot die ut noli riety, pioioted two or thtet dajs after their last race to 
run 1 t xington again* t Lecc mte lor five or ten thousand dollars, which I 
jdecliiit d, lor, beloie doing to he stcurtd my rider lrom Mr. Kenner, and 
tins bting 'ortifiia a^iu >t tl e pottibility of a fair and equal contest, he 
*ends in his chalk nge. 1 he challenge that Mr. Ten Broeck now throws 
cut, wit! a display of great boldness, is in character with other challenges 
en ai aling Ire rti him; lor instance, last winter he proposed to match the get 

0 Botte n against the world, and he made the conditions so unequal, com- 
plicated ano abiurd, that be could not himsell have expecttd any one to 
take h m up. i- uch as I h: \e shown, was the nature ol his challenge to me 
last tprii g, and tuck is Ihe natuie of his present challenge. So far as I am 
coctneo,Mr Ten Broeck has placed it out 01 my power to accept his 
pi est nt t V silt ngt . t ven ii it prest nit d the oidinary character of such things, 
lie isiits it, 101 ihe first lime, on the 3d of June and says no acceptance will 
be teitived alter the 26th of the same month — thereby allowing only three 
weeks lor me to receive and reply to it — requiring, in the meantime, a 
travelol sixttcusand miles, and that, too, involving an amount of from 
$2o,c< o t( fq^.ico. Mj < w n challenge is in plain and open terms. Ample 
tme is jiven lor ire world to take it up. It is made to run at all distances. 

1 claim the 6ubstitu'ion of no horse, in case Lecomte is amiss. I propose 
tht contest to come off over his own track, where the pecuniary advantages 
accruiug are entirely his own. I have made no arrangements with the pro- 
prietors' of any course to leceive a percentage of the receipts, should I make 
the race to come off over thtir track. I have not bought up nor engaged 
-*ll the best ji ckejs, to prevent my antagonist from having an equal advan- 
tage with me. Ltcomle does not propose to lollow the fashion of a foreign 
tour, that he may 'dodge' a fair and honorable contest My challenge 
speaks for itseli, and there let it remain, 'to fright the souls of fearful adver- 
saries.' Mr. Ten Broeck has studiously attempted to avoid my challenge, 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



^3 



when he might have availed himself of all that is there so liberally offered; 
and if, by ch nee, I have said anything here that may hcrealter piovoke 
him to accept the same, I reserve to my si If the right so far as he is con 
cerned, to designate the course over which the match shall be run — pledging 
myself to name either the Natchez, the Mobile or Metairie Course. 

"In conclusion, Mr. Editor, allow me to saj that this communica'ion 
should more properly be addressed to the Spirit of the Times, but as Mr. 
Ten Broeck's challenge bears internal evidence that an improper use was 
made of my challenge belore its publi 'ation, I do not leel dispos-ed to trust 
this where (to say the least of it) an apparent want of courtesy has been 
shown me. Yours, <$c, "Thos. J. Wells. 

"Red River, June 16^,1854." 



NOTE BY THE EDITOR OF THE SPIRIT OF THE TIMES. 

"We give place to the impertinent letter above, from Gen. Wells, though 
it is replete with groundless assertions and bold falsifications. For in- 
stance, the editorial article which appears to have "stirred up the monkeys," 
was wrttten before Mr Ten Broeck's arrival here, and he first saw it in 
print. The absurdity of charging us with "antipathy to Southern horses" 
is beneath notice. There have been no Northern horses on the turf lor 
years Since Lecomte's great race, several articles from well-known (to 
us) correspondents of this paper have appeared in an obscure New Orleans 
journal, evidently from the same pens, charging us with all manner of un- 
charitableness towards that horse, which we shall not condet-cend to notice. 
If it should be deemed proper, alter the correspondence between the parties 
shall have closed, in respect to the half-dozen matches and challenge- which 
have appeared in this pap r lately, we may undertake to strip oft' certain 
masks we wot off, and if ' fur fles" it will not be our fault. The course pui- 
sued' towards us by these Louisiana jokers, who have "laid their heads to- 
gether" for the purpose, is utterly unprovoked and will not be forgotten, 
they had better believe. 

In the same paper we find the following communication from Mr. Ten 
Broeck: 

LEXINGTON TO LECOMTE — ANOTHER CHALLENGE. 

Mr. Editor. — I dare say your readers are heartily wearied with hear- 
ing of Lecomteand Lexington, and I should not again resume the "grey 
goose quill,'' except to con ect the en ors and sophistries of a communication 
6igned, Thomas J. Wells," dated Red River. June 16. This I will do, 
seriatim, and as briefly as possible. It is intimated that a communication 
signed "A Turfman " was withheld by you, to give my challenge on the part 
of Lexington precedence. This is doing you great injustice and is wholly 
incorrect. I must conless my su> prise tt at on a subject so unimportant as 
a discussion concerning the superiority of tv. o horses so grave an accusa- 
tion should be made, where no evidence for it can be afforded, except in the 
imagination of the writer. The same fatuity is displayed in considering 
the communication signed "A Turfman" a bona fide challenge. If my 
memory serves, the response was to be sent to New Orleans. There 
may be many turfmen in New Orleans, and I believe it is not usual to offer 
matches under a nomme de flume The friends of Lecomte say with 
Byron, 'Give me a successor, but no rival ' 

"The date of the challenge on the part of Lexington should have been 
May 30. 

"The next in order is the following extract from the communication of 
Mr. Wells: 



24 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



"This 'challenge from Lexington' is in perfect keeping with the tactics 
displayed immediately after the defeat of Lexington by Lecomte. A. 
proposition was made to run Lexington against Lecomte when it was 
Jttiown that it could not nor would not be accepted. 

'•It was well known to Mr. Ten Broeck that I strenuously opposed 
Lecomte's running for the State Stake, and that my consent was not given 
until ahout three weeks prior to that event. He knew my objections arose 
from the belief that no three-year old rider could manage Lecomte in a 
four mile race. 

"How was it 'known that it would not be accepted,' when Mr. Wells 
had stated Lecomte could beat Lexington's time any distance, and for any 
money, which elicited my proposal, as the following letters show also, how 
it was proposed to give Lecomte a weight that he might be controlled by." 

Here follows Mr. Ten Broeck's letter of April ioth, given above, offer- 
ing to run Lexington against Lecomte, and Mr. Well's letter of the same 
date declining the match. Mr. Ten Broeck goes on to say: — 

"The inuendo that Lexington is dodging a contest in the face of the above 
and subsquent challenges, accords with the entire communication; none but 
itself can be its parallel. Your readers must allow forinacurate quotations, 
nor 'view them with a critic eye,' as I have neither 'a double paternity,' nor 
books (at hand) to assist them. As to my securing all the riders, I had 
given choice of weights, and have yet to learn that I was not entitled to 
secure either three or four-year old weights. As to the illiberality of my 
former proposals on 'The Bostons,' many gentlemen will probably remem- 
ber that, at the time, they met the approval of Mr. Wells, So much for 
tweedleldum and tweedledee. As to 'notoriety,' 'percentage,' 'double pater- 
nity,' &c , they are irrevelant, and not worth the trouble of a reply. 

"The friends of Lecomte, in their determination to- have no 'rival near 
the throne,' neglect the maxim of astute counsel, and 'prove too much,' for- 
getting that assertion is not argument, and committing errors of fact and 
logic, so glaring as to weaken the effe t of the really good points they pos- 
sess; 7:26 stands 'blazoned in letters of light,' and if the owner of 
Lexington has the audacity to proclaim his opinion that he can beat Lecomte 
and his time, they shuild, with the magnanimity of victors, extend the man- 
tle of charity to such presumption, and in contradistinction to opinion, point 
to the record, and on that permit him to letire to his 'harness,' whilst his 
rival pursues a more congenial path, where fresh fields may be fought and 
won, if he escape the fate of Belisarius. 

"In reference to the objection on account of the short time the proposal 
on the partof Lexington was left open, it was supposed he (Lexington) would 
run here which prevented a longer time being given. It was, nowever, ample, 
if the match had been desired But as Lecomte had previously been challeng- 
ed, when both horses were on the ground (and when it was declined bee aise'a 
three year old rider could not control Lecomte ' though the required weight 
was offered) it would have been bad taste to repeat it; therefore, the last was 
for the world in general. All, however, acted on the favorite lines of Col. 
B — 'Listen not to the voice of the charmer, charm she never so widely. ' 

"Now, Mr. Editor, as my hand is in, I will give a brief review of the race 
in which Lecomte was a victor, and will 'nothing extenuate nor set down 
aught in malice,' but will, by evidence plain as proof of 'Holy Writ,' show 
that the friends of Lexington did not think him in order ?t the start, and 
that his jockey pulled him up at the termination of three miles in the second 
heat For an owner to defend the defeat of his horse is an ungracious task, 
and I should not attempt it, had the 'troops of friends' on the part of Le- 
comte, in common fairness, menliened the reigning in of his opponent, and 
not made his superiority (when each had been defeated by the other) 'au 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



fait accompli? Now for the the proof, Mr. Pryor, who trained Lexington, 
strongly objected to his starting, declaring him unfit to run. His owner, 
thinking this opinion arose from timidity, gave a friend a large amount to 
bet against Lecomte, at the current odds; but as soon as Lexington was 
paraded on the course he withdrew the balance unbet, in the presence of 
Mr. A. L. Bingaman, Jr., declaring his horse incapable of making a good 
race. His owner also stated to Cacrt. Viley, before he had run the first 
quarter of a mile, that Lexington had no action, and would be beaten. He 
was badly ridden, and though driven, could not run any mile quicker than 
1 :49)^, in the first heat, though he ran the third in the second heat faster 
than Lecomte ran any mile in the race, when he was pulled up, and the at- 
tention of his associates called to it by the presiding Judge as they passed 
the 6tand Lecomte leading only from two to three feet, though he entered 
the stretch as many lengths in advance. Lexington never lapped Lecomte 
in the first heat, when his speed could not be driven out of him; and though 
his rider rode him in the deepest ground, still, notwithstanding the disad- 
vantage of such a heat, when he was willing to run, in the third mile of the 
second heat, it appeared he could at least get to him. The boy rode so badly 
that he was exchanged for another, who was reclaimed by his owner after 
being dressed, and the bell sounded for saddling; and finally the rider of 
Reube declared, at Lexington, Ky., before a large company (one of whom 
was Mr. D. Mclntyre) at the Phoenix Hotel, that he halloed to the boy on 
Lexington to pull up, saying his party were betting on not being beaten by 
iotli horses, and it was his last chance. The error, however, was perpetrated 
before he wai sufficiently near to be heard. 

"The plain fact is, that Lexington never got to Lecomte until he could 
be made to run in the fast third mile; then he locked him, and it was a 
strife who should last the longest. This chance the rider of Lexington de- 
prived him of by pulling up his horse. 

'I do not wish, Mr. Editor to disparage Lecomte, who, everybody 
knows is an extraordinaay horse, and it is to me a matter of perfect in- 
difference if every man, woman and child think him superior to Lexington, 
(which I certainly should not have gainsayed by any publication) if well 
enough had been let alone. This is not a national question, but a simple 
discussion concerning the superiority of two horses, and in my opinion, 
should be conducted in a proper tone and temper. Being 'in the vein,' I 
will refer to another intimation. I learn from a paper of this city that there 
was great dissatisfaction because Lexington did not run on the last day of 
the race meeting here. Lexington is unfortunately subject to inflammation 
of the eyes, which appeared before the last race, and I hope this apology 
will sa.isfy the dissatisfied; shonld it not, I will refer to a prevailing im- 
pression that this is a free country, in which opinion I accord, also that I 
have a vague idea that Lexington is my property, and that I will run hira 
where and when I choose. 

CHALLENGE. 

"I will run Lexington over the Metairie Course, at New Orieans, in 
the 2d day of April next (provided it is not on Sunday, when it sh ill be run 
©n the 3rd day of April) four-mile heats, against any horse, betting $10,000 
to $12,500. Or I will bet the same odds and run over the Union Course, 
at >e.v York, on the first Tuesday of October. Forfeit $2,500, to be de- 
posited with Messrs. Coleman & Stetson of the Astor Aouse. First ac- 
ceptance to be taken, and proposal to remain open until the roth day of 
August 1851).. "R. Ten Broeck." 

In the Spirit of the Times of August 19, the following challenge ap- 
peared: 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Lexington's challenge. 

Richmond, Va., August gth, 1854. 

"Editor Spirit of the Times: — After a consultation with a few warm 
friends of he turf in-Virginia, and backers of Red Eye, I have determined 
to accept the challenge made by Mr. R. len Broeck. in your paper of the 
8th of July, to run Lexington against any horse in the Union, four-mile 
heats, over the Union Course, New York, on the first Tuesday in October 
rext, he betting $12,500 to $10,000, provided Mr. Ten Broeck will change 
the time of the race, so as not to interfere with the sport on the National 
Course, or with the races over the Fairfield Course, near this city. 

"1 design visiting Baltimore and New York with Red E^e, and as I 
expect to run him for the Jockey Club Purse at each of these places, I wisli 
to avoid any contest that may debar me of he privilege of so doing. That 
there may be no misunderstanding, I submit the following proposition: I 
will match Red Eve against Lexingtjn, at four-mile heats. I betting $10,000 
to Mr.Ten Broeck's $i2,i;oo, forfeit $2,500, the race to be run over the National 
Course or iht Union Course, New York, on the 15th, 16th, or iSth of Septem- 
ber, as Mr. Ten Broeck may select. My sole object for desiring to run on 
either of the days designated is to avoid any interference with Mr. Boyden's 
arrangements on the National Course, he having already four matches 
made on his course for the nth, 12th, 13th and 14th of September, and to 
yve me an opportunity of attending the races at Baltimore and New York, 
as well as at heme. II Mr. R Ten Broeck will modify the time, as I have 
suggested, the fcrleit shall be deposited immediately with Messrs. Coleman 
& btttson, of the Astor Heme. Very respectfully, for himself and friends. 

John Belcher. 



CHALLENGE TO THE WORLD. 

West 22D Street, Aug. 14, 1854. — Dear Sir:— Gen. T. J. Wells has, 
in the New Orleans Picayune, offered to run his horse Lecomte over the 
Natchez Metairie or Mobile Course, any day, any distance, for any amount 
of money, against any horse in the world, and has desired and authorized 
the undersigned to arrange the preliminaries of a match. The writer will, 
therelore, be pleased to hear from gentlemen disposed to make a race 
against Lecomte. 

"Communications addressed to the care of the office of the Spirit of the 
Times will be received and promptly attended to. Respectfully. 

W.J. Minor." 

"accident to Lexington" — the propositions of lecomte and red 

EYE. 

New York, Sept. 13th, 1854— To W. T. Porter Esq , Editor of the 
Spirit of Times, — Dear Sir: I regret to intorm you that Lexington broke 
hi* bridle whilst exercising on his training track, and running through a field 
of standing corn, so bruised his legs as to make it necessary to stop his gal- 
lop ng. in view of his match against time next spring. 

"JSn passetit, 1 will reply, through your columns, to the proposals of 
the owners of Lecomte and Red Eye (neither of whom were heard from, 
tho' gh ample time was afforded), until Lexington had other engagements, 
which I thought he could easily win, and upon which I would have had to 
pay fi rfeit to bring about a meeting. Lexington's challenge to Lecomte 
was declined when both horses were on the Metairie Course at New Or- 
leans, and when (according to the proot Gen. Wells adduced in an elaborate 
communication), the former would have had the disadvantage in condition. 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



-7 



Subsequently Lexington challenged Lecomte and his time, either race to be 
taken, and if accepted on the pait of the horse, $25 000 to$ 20,ocoto be laid, 
if the race was run at New York, or the same odds to be acccp>ed if run at 
New Orierns. Coming such a distance was thought so objectionable on 
the part of Lecomte, notwithstanding the odds, that it was declined, and atier 
Lexington was tied up by his time ei gagement with a gentleman irom Vir- 
ginia, Lecomte proposes to run at New Orleans, or upon either of two 
courses in the vicinity, which, il accepted, would make it necessary lor Lex- 
ington to move the same distance that is declined when odds ol five to fcur 
is 1 ffered for any competitor to come here. T herefore, to meet Lecomie, 
Lexington would have to incur the risk ol travel to New Orleans, and to 
forfeit $2,5000 on his match against time to run a race that could not be ob- 
tained when both horses were on the same gioundi 

"Red Eje. in the same manner, is not heard from until Lexington has 
two engagements, when he proposes to run four mile heats, and receive odds 
of #12,500 to $10000, on the same day (ihe iSth of September) that Lexing- 
ton is to run an important tw< mile slake — or cn the 151I1 or 16th o the 
same month — making it incumbent on me to forfeit in the s*ake to get at 
him 

Those who read but one side of the page, may imagine that Lexington 
lias received various lair offers for a contest, whereas in reality, he alone, has 
proposed a 'give or take' race, which is the only one that is equal. From 
the peculiar time selected by Capt. Belcher, I presume he did not txpect a 
race on the part of Red Eje; and, it desired, Gen. Wells can 
have one with Lecomte, when Lexington has arrived at New Orleans in 
salety. If the mountain will not come to Mahomet, Mahomet will go o 
the mcuntain.' Respectlully yours, "R. Ten Broeck " 

Mr. T. J. Wells issued the lollowirg challenge in the New Orleans 
Evening Delta, and it was copied in the Spirit of the Times of January 6th 
1855. 

LECOMTE AT NEW ORLEANS, — CHALLENGE. 

"Having decided to retain Lecomte in the State until after the races nex 
spring, I desire to announce my intention to run him next April, over the 
Metairie Course, on the four mile day ; arid ihat I am ready to enter in an 
inside stake on that day, for $2,500 or $5 coto half forfeit, two or moce to 
make the stake, and nominations to be made to the Secretary of the club, on 
«r before March next. Thos. J. Wells." 

December 19, 1854. 



THE GREAT MATCH VS. TIME — THE SECOND EVENT 

The match against time, w hich came off over the Metairie Course, New 
Orleans, is of such an extraordinary chari cler, and so astounding in its re' 
suits, that we devote to it all ihe space at our command. 1 hat all may be 
'posted up,' we give the original challenge fi cm the owner ol Lexington 
and place on record the whole facts, relating to the match.. 

CHALLENGE FROM LEXINGTON 

"To the Editor of the Spirit of the Times: — Although the mistake mac> 
by the rider of Lexington, in pulling up at the end of three miles, in ihe it« 
eent fast four mile race at New Orleans, was witnessed by thousands ol pei- 
sons, I believe it has not been referred to in print, except in the last number 
ef your paper. As Lexington will probablj follow the lashion in making a 
foreign tour, I propose the following as his valedictory: I will run him a 
single four miles ever the Metairie Course, at New Orleans, under the rules 



2S MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



of the club, against the fastest time at four miles that has been run in Amer- 
ica, lor the sum often thousand dollars, one-fourth forfeit. Two trials to be 
allowed, and the race to be run between the ist and 15th of April next. 
Arrow to be substituted if Lexington is amiss. 

"Or, I will run Lexington over the same course four mile heats, on the 
Tuesday previous to the next Me'airia April Meeting, against any named 
horse, at the rate expressed in the proposition subjoined. 

"Or, I will run him over the Union Course, at New York, the same 
distance, on the third Tuesday in October. The party accpting the last race 
to receive twenty-five thousand dollars to twenty thousand dollars, or to bet 
the same odds if Lexington travels to run at New Orleans. The forfeit to 
be five thousand dollars, and to be deposited with Messrs, Coleman & 
Stetson, of the Astor House, when either race is accepted If the amounts 
o( the last proposition are too large, they may be reduced one-half, with for- 
feit in the same proportion. The first acceptance coming to hand will be 
valid — subsequent ones declined; and none received after the commence- 
ment of the races at the National Course, New York, the 26th of next 
month. "R. Ten Broeck." 

New York, May 30, 1854." 



The match vs. Time, offered above, was accepted, and notification made 
in the Spirit of the Times of the 17th of June as annexed: 

"Lexington's challenge against time accepted." 

"We had the pleasure to publish exclusively, in this journal of the 3d 
of June, one of the most extraordinary and interesting challenges — or, 
rather, series of challenges — ever made in the United States, one of which 
has been accepted. The challenge referred to was as above. The forfeit 
has been deposited with our friends Messrs. Colemau & Stetson, of the As- 
tor House, in this city. The gentlemen acceptors of the challenge are Col. 
Calvin Green and Capt. John Belcher, of Virginia, two gentlemen well 
known in sporting circles. No match against time of such interest has ever 
occurred in this country. Time is a 'migh y good horse' to bet on, but we 
'have our doubts!' 

"It will be seen by the challenge from the owner of Lexington, quoted 
above, that this journal was the first to allude to the fact that Lexington was 
pulled up at the finish of his third mile in the second heat of his second race 
with Lecomte. Whether Lexington could have beaten Lecomte in that 
race is another matter, 'Doctors dilier.' It was our expressed opinion that 
if Lexington had been ridden in the second heat by the jockey engaged tor 
him, the result might possibly been different. For the expression of this 
opinion we have been most grossly abused by these correspondents of the 
New Orleans press ever since. Much good may it do them. We 'let them 
up light." Lecomte, a son of Bos on and Reel, could naturally be nothing 
but a 'good un.' We never had a doubt of his immense turn 01 speed, or of 
his thorough game. His sire was the best race horse, barring an infirmity 
of temper, and his dam second to none, save Fashion, that ever glori- 
ously illustrated the fact that 'blood will tell.' Their performances and tri- 
umphs wi 1 hve in the annals of the turf as of those 'high mettled races ' Fly- 
ing Childers and English Eclipse, to which, in our humble judgment, they 
were not inferior. 

"Before entering into the reports and details of the match, we have 
thought it would not be uninteresting to our readers to have the speculations 
of two New Orleans daily pa ers — supposed to be well advised— on the 
morning belore the race. We quote from the Picayune of the ist instant: 
"The most remarkable racing event of modern times, and indeed of all 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



time, will come off to-morrow over the Metairie Course, should the weather 
prove favorable up to the time of starting, which is announced for half-past 
three o'clock p. m. Lexington, a son of the world -renowned Boston, is 
matched to perform a feat which he has never yet performed, which Lecomte 
accomplished under, perhaps, the most favorable circumstances of good 
order of the course, fine weather, balmy atmosphere, and his excellent con- 
dition. We learn that a gentleman representing the Virginia party ar- 
rived in this city a few days ago, invested with plenary powers. The 
judges and timers have been appointed, and a better selection could not have 
been made than in his Excellency Gov. P. O. Hebert, Gen S. W. West- 
more, John G. Cocks, Esq., the President of the Club, as judges, and Hon. 
D. F. Kenner, Cap. W J. Minor, and Stephen D. Elliot, : s timers. 

"It is agreed between the parties that Lexington may be accompanied 
in his trial by a horse or horses, and that anv changes of horses may be 
made that circumstances render necessary. This will, of course, increase 
the interest of the scene, and give it the appearance of a regular contest. 

"Although the time, at four miles, made by Lecomte in his contest with 
Lexington, is the point which the latter has to reach upon the present occa- 
sion — namely, 7:26 — it may not be out of place to note the best time made 
by other horses of renown in the dav of their supremacy upon the turf. Of 
these may be named Henry, 7:37; Grey Medoc and Altorf, dead heat, 7:35; 
Boston, the fastest heat he ever ran and won, 7:40; Fashion, 7:32^; Miss 
Foote, second heat, 7:35; George Martin with Reel, the dam ot Lecomte, 
in which heat she broke down, 7:33; Free Tiade, 7:33; Reube, the winner 
of many races, and an aged horse, did that which has not yet been sur- 
passed; he ran and won a heat, with all his proper weight, at his ease, in 
7:40. We could name many others in this connection, but these will suffice. 
We incline to the opinion that time alone is but at best a fallacious test of 
the superiority of a racehorse, unless, as in this instance, it beats the best 
ever made. 

"It would have been no easy matter, during the lifetime of Col. Wm. R. 
Johnson, the well named 'Napoleon of the Turf,' to convince him that his 
favorite mare, Reality, the grandam of the renowned Fashion, could not 
have beaten all the horses that appears d upon the American turf in his day; 
and yet in her palmy days no remarkabla time was recorded. Her only 
record is superiority over those ot her day. 

"There are so many contingent circumstances, which may be con- 
nected with the success of this unexampled exploit, any one of which might 
turn the tide against the horse, that it will require more than an ordinary 
degree of judgment, and we might almost say foresight, to take advantage 
of them at the moment. 'Time waits for no man' nor horse. The all-im- 
portant aid ot brilliant sky, balmy southern breeze, elastic, smooth, course, 
and tne unexceptionable condition of the horse must all be brought to bear 
in his behalf to insure success. That all these attributes may operate tavor- 
ably, is our fervent wish. 

'The temerity of Lexington's owner in sending this challenge to the 
•world, in the face of a recent defeat, when the unparalleled time of 7:26 
was made, forms an event in the annals of the American Turf, which time 
can not obliterate. 

''Should success attend the effort, he will have the proud satisfaction of 
possessing the champion of America." 

The New Orleans Daily Crescent, the morning of the race says: 

"The day has at last arrived, and also the horse, when a wager not 
equaled in audacity, as an effort never before attempted, in this country or 
any other, will come cff Lexington, the renowned hero of the Great Post 
Stake Race, is to try and surpass the unequalled time made by Lecomte at 



3° 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



few days after — to mark on the racing calender figures below 7:26. The- 
confidence of Mr. Ten Broeck in his horse must certainly be very consid- 
erable, to induce him to put up $1 i.oio on accomplishing what no other 
horse has ever accomplished, an J surpassing the best time the turf has ever 
known. He is experienced, however, as a lurfman, and as apt as anv other 
to form a correct judgment. Manv of the m )st knowing turfmen have 
come round to his opinion and endorsed his expectations. "A. Young Turf- 
man," well known in the columns of the Spirit of the Times, and to the 
racing fraternity of this city, says in the 1 1st number of the Spirit, that "to 
enable Lexington to win, there must be a numbe • ot concuring favorable 
circumsances; his condition must be perfect, he must be ridden with the 
greatest skill, and the track an i day must be most favorable." VVe believe 
Lexington will win his match against time, and still we don't think he will 
beat Lecompte. 

"Notwithstanding the high authorities in favor of the horse's winning 
— to which may be added the able 'writer on racing matters in the Picayune 
— we diftvr Irom them all, and hold it probable that the best time ever made 
is not to be beaten, except under very extraordinary circumstances. That 
which has been done may be done again, but it is n >t equally clear that t le 
best that has ever been done may be excelleJ. It will take an extraordinary 
horse to come up 107:26, and a little more extraordinary one to cut under 
it. The day has, however, arrived, and all doubts of opinion will be settled 
ere sunset. We assuredly h >pe that Lexington will be successtul, an 1 earn 
new honors for Boston and Metairie. Hegira's 1:42}^, Berry's 5:36!^. Lit- 
tle Flea's 5:333-2 and Lecomte's 7:26, all done in New Orleans, beat the 
■world. VV e can only run against our own lime now. 

" We understand that tne track is in excellent order and he horse in 
fine condition. The day promises to be propitious and the attendance is 
sure to be large. The champion will have a fresh nag started out in each 
mile to keep up his ambition, which will increase the interest of the sport. 
We will record the result to-inorrow morning 

THE RACE ITSELF. 

[From the New Orleans Picayune of April 3d.] 

"The most brilliant event in the sporting annals of the American turf, 
giving, as it has, the palm to the renowned Lexmgtm, came off yesterday, 
over the Metaine Course, and its result gjeatly surpassed the most ardent 
hopes and enthusiastic expectations of the friends of the winner, and the 
lovers of turf sports. 

The day was the loveliest of the whole season. As the hour appointed 
for the great contest approached, the town was all a*lir with excitement in- 
cident to the cccasion. Veh cles ot all sorts were in req jsition, and our 
beautiful level shell roads were tilled with them Iron the last paving-stone 
to the gates of the course. The displays in equitation luring that busy part 
of the day, which may be defined as i; going to the races," were almost as 
amusing and exciting as the greater event, lor witnessing which so many 
thousand were intent. 

"The judges selected for the occasion were Gen. Stephen M. West- 
more for the Virginia gentleman, Arnold Harris, E-^q . for VTr Ten 
Broeck. and John G. Cjcks, Esq, the President of the Metairie Jockey 
Clu v as umpire. The ,.imers were Hon. Ouncin F. Kenner, Capt. Wm. 
J. Minir and biephen B. Elliott. Esq. 

"It being the first event of the seison, there was the usual bustle at the 
gates, the distribution of the members' btdges and the strangers' badges, 
the admission to the different stands, and, from the character of the event, 
an unusual rush of carriages, cabs, buggies, wagons, saddle horses and foot 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



3 1 



passengers; and by three o'clock the course presented a most brilliant ap- 
pearance. There were representatives of every section of the country and 
almost every State in the Union, and among them we were happy to see a 
goodlv t>how of the fairer portion of creation. 

"The field inside the course presented a most animated appearance, and 
the feeling in favor of the gallant Lexington was general and decided; and 
as the predestined hero of the day appeared upon the course, in company 
with his stable companions who were to be partners for a time in his trials, 
his feelings and his fame — his bold, reaching and elastic step, his unequalled 
condition, and his fearless, defiant look — conscious of superiority and of vic- 
tory — gave strength to his backers that all was as it should be. 

"Of the temerity of his backers and owner, Mr. Richard Ten Broeck, 
in standing belore the world bidding defiance to all the previous perform- 
ances ever marked by a horse, we have br fore spoken as our feelings d da- 
ted, and his extraordinary self reliance, based upon well directed judgment 
and sound sense, cann t fail to place him in the estimation of true sports- 
men as the leader of the host. He knew he had an animal of unflinch- 
ing game coupled with lightning speed, and bravely did his gallant ally re- 
sp jnd to his call 

"The betting was large. Lexington's appearance made him a favorite, 
and before starting it w as firm at $100 to $75 against time and but few 
takers. The greater portion of the betting had b en done in town, and 
there were but few left who dared to brave the lion in his lair. The con- 
flictinging opinions which had been generally expressed in regard to the 
terms of the match, and its mode of performance, caused a very geneial ex 
citement, each party in turn expressing his views as to the 1 ight ot the 
points discussed, namely — that of allowing horses to start with Lexington, 
to urge him to an increased speed, and the propriety of giving the horse a 
running start. The judges, hjwever, ended the matter by deciding that he 
could do both The decision gave very general satisfaction. 

"Gilpatrick, upon Lexington now prepared for action, an J as he started 
up the stretch on his proud c jurser, to do which no other horse hid ever 
attempted, the man and horse formed a beautiful and pert'^ct picture. He 
turned him around just below the draw gates, and as he re iched the judges' 
stand, when fie drum tapped, he was at the pace it was intended he should 
run. To our mind he was run too fast the first mile, which he accom- 
plished in 1 :47^. the first h*lf mile in 0:53. Upon reaching the stand it 
was intimated to him to go slower, which he did. 

' Joe Blackburn was started behind him at the beginning of the first 
mile, but the respectful distance he kept in his rear must certainly have 
done him an i ljury rather than a benefit, for at no time was he near 
enough for Lexing on to hear the sound of his hoofs. 

"The pace in the second mile visibly decreased; Arrow, who was start- 
ed before its commencement, waiting about thirty yards behind Lexii^ton. 
In tne third mile Arrow closed the gap, and Lexington, hearing him. was 
a little more anxious, and slightly increase 1 his pace. Upon entering the 
fourth mile Arrow was stopped, and Joe Blackburn went at him again, b;it 
as in the first instance, he was "like chips in porrige" — if no benefit. Lex- 
ington darted off in earnest, running the last mile in, 1:48%. He reached 
the head of the front stretch in 6:55, running its entire length in 24^ sec- 
onds. The whole time ot the four miles was 7: 19^4, carrying 103 poun Is, 
Gilpatrick being three pounds over weight. That the course was in admir- 
able condition we need not assert, but that we have seen it in better or ler 
for safety and for time, we think we may assert. The writer of this was 
not present when Lexington and Lecomte met last spring, and can there- 
fore make no comparison, but agrees with "A Young Turfman" that the 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



extreme hardness of the track might prevent a horse from fully extending 
himself, which must have been the case with LExing on yesterday. He 
lost his left fore plate, and half the right one; and Gilpatrick at the draw- 
gate in the last mile had no little difficulty in keeping him on his course, 
Lexington making violent efforts to swerve to the right where it was soft 
and heavy. 

"With regard to the time, not a doubt can be entertained, the official 
being slower than any other. Outside, by many experienced timers, it was 
made in 7:19%. 

"The excitement attending the progress of this remarkable race cannot 
be described. It was intense throughout; and to those who had no oppor- 
tunity of taking note of time, Lexington's deceptive fox like gait could not 
have given them hopes of success. The joyousness and hilarity everywhere 
visible, which followed the announcement that Lexington was the victor, 
showed the feeling of the vast majority of the vast assemblage. 

'•It must be a source of the highest gratification to the rider of Lexing- 
ton that he guided him through his perilous journey successfully, despite 
the prophecies and hopes of defeat that attended him. In this connection 
we may learlessly assert that through a long career of usefulness and success 
of more than twenty years upon the turf, the name ot Gilbert W. Patrick, 
better known as Gilpatrick, the rider, has never been tainted with even the 
breath of suspicion, and that the bright escutcheon of his name remains un- 
tarnished; and as this is perhaps his last appearance in public, it is the 
writers hearty wish that he may live to enjoy an uninterrupted flow of 
wordly comfort, and that when death calls him to answer that to which all 
living must respond, he may be full of years and honor. The names of Gil- 
patrick and Lexington are inseparably connected with the greatest achieve- 
ment upon the American turf. 

''That this great race will go down to generations yet unborn as the 
fastest time made, is the honest conviction of the writer. 

SUMMARY. 

New Orleans, La., Monday, April 2, 1855 — Match for $20,000, Lex- 
ington to beat the fastest time at four miles, 7:26. 

R.Ten Broeck's b c Lexington, by Boston, dam Alice Carneal by imp. 
Sarpedon; 4 years old; 103 lbs; 3 lbs extra — Gilpatrick; won. 

TIME. 

1st mile 1:47^4, 2d mile 1:52^, 3d mile 1:51}^, 4th mile 1:48% — four miles 

7:19%. 

Thus ended the second act of this remarkable drama; but the play it- 
self was not so to end, for the gallant champion whose time had been so 
defiantly challenged and so bravely beaten, came np once more in his proper 
person, to try the tortunes of the field. 

THE GREAL RACE AT NEW ORLEANS — THE FASTEST TIME ON RECORD — 
LEXINGTON VICTORIOUS IN ONE HEAT — TIME 7:23% — THE THIRD 
EVENT, 

"It is not strange that this match should command more attention than 
an ordinary race. The antecedents of both animals were brilliant beyond 
comparison, and the improvement which each had shown at every suc- 
cessive trial, led to an almost w ild belief that some new miracle of time 
would be performed in the impending meeting. There was much 
to in the annals of the turf connecting itself with the present position of 
these horses, that was calculated to add immensely to the Interest. It will 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



33 



be recollected that Time, which should be progressive, stood still for twenty 
years on the heels of the renowned Eclipse, who ascended into glory — over 
Henry — on the Long Island track in a four mile heat in 7:37. At length 
the brilliant mare Fashion sprung up and excelled it, on the same course, 
■by five seconds, gaining a double victory, by beating the till then uncon- 
querable Boston, in a four mile heat of 7:32^. 

"The world was astonished, and so miraculous was this considered, 
that a report was curreut that the judges were almost afraid to proclaim it; 
indeed that the true spe d was 7:3 tj£, and that two of the judges who had 
so taken it, yielded to the third, who was the second slower, for fear the 
.public would be dissatisfied with their decision. This time of Fashion's held 
the field for almost nine years, and the lovers of the turf, as they dole- 
fully contemplated her decline, feared they would never look upon her like 
again. But there is a time for all worldly glory, and it was destined that 
last spring the renowned Lexington and the phenomenon Lecomte should 
both shoot forth together to outdazzle all previous lustre, and fo turn the 
possibility of racing speed into a bewildering maze of doubt. These rivals 
not knowing each other, and themselves unknown, first came together on 
vthe Metairie Course, New Orleans, for the State Post Stake of the last 
spring meeting, and then, as all the world already knows, Lexington was 
the winner, although not as yet inside of Fashion's time. In the following 
•week, however, the ambitious rivals met again; and it was on that occasion 
the superb Lecomte reversed his late defeat, and at one astounding stroke 
reduced Fashion's time to 7:26! Six and a half seconds of glory at a single 
■bound ! 

It might have been supposed that a defeat like this would have quite 
satisfied the owner of Lexington that he had contended against impossibility 
■or lightning; but what was the surprise of the whole racing world to 
hear in the midst of the roar of his exploits, Mr. Ten 
Broeck offer to wager $10,000 that his horse Lexington, which 
had just been beaten, that he could beat Lecomte's time, and $2,500 more 
that he could afterwards beat Lecomte himself. Both offers were of course 
accepted, and the 2d of April was selected for the first trial, and the 14th of 
the same month for the other. Your readers know already by the previous 
mail, the result of the effect of the second; and that Lexington on that oc- 
casion beat all the annals and exceeded every expectation, by performing 
his four miles in the unheard of, I may add undreamt of, time of 7:19% — 
thus striking Lecomte a heavier blow than Lecomte had administered to 
Fashion, and going inside of his time six seconds and a quarter! This was 
the state of things I found at New Orleans at half past 9 p. m. on the 13th 
of April, by the glass clock; and now that I have explained myself so fully, 
I think you will have no more surprise left than I had, when I took my light 
up stairs, that the Crescent City was on that occasion in something of a 
buzz. 

''In the morning I found the excitement in no way decreased; every- 
body was inquiring about the starting of trains, or making arrangements 
with hackmen to take them to the course; while practised parties of bon 
vivants were displaying a world of intelligence or intent in packing cham- 
pagne baskets with layers of ham, chicken, brandy, beer, Boker's bitters, 
segars, and soda watei, to regale themselves with during the dry stages of 
the afternoon. The race was set for three o'clock, and the course being 
three miles off, at one the town began to move toward the track, at two it 
was pretty nearly deserted, and at three it was as silent and abandoned as 
at midnight. All the roads leading to the track streamed with pedestrians 
and vehicles, and the line condensed towards the gateway into a choked 



3^ 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



«' * 

column that could move onward and in, only by the most tedious series of 
instalments. 

On reaching the inside, the arena presented a most brilliant spectacle,, 
and I do not remember having seen so many people together lor a race ex- 
cept at the celebrated meeting of Fashion and Peytona on the Union Course.. 
L. I. The two public stands were densely crowded, the field was filled with 
vehicles and saddle horses, and even the trees, that from a distance over- 
looked the track, drooped heavily with the freight of human fruit. The- 
track itself, however, under better judgment than those of New York, was- 
kept clear of all intruders, except in that portion known as the homestretch., 
to which exclusive section the members of the Club, and such privileged' 
strangers as had provided themselves with ten dollar badge 6 , were ad- 
mitted. 

THE RACE. 

"At length the bugle sounded the signal for the horses to be stripped.. 
Upon this everybody pressed forward to secure eligible places ; every neck- 
was stretched to its utmost length. Even the gamblers in the alleys, un- 
derneath the public stands, undoubted their legs from beneath their faro' 
tables, locked up their double card boxes, stopped the snap of their roulettes, 
and slapped the little ivory balls in their vest pockets to run up stairs and 
become innocent lookers on, 

i "Wagers on the contestants had a small revival, in consequence of this- 
eruption from the betting quarter, and the odds on Lexington went up again 
to the mark of $100 to $So. It was freely taken, however, by the gentle- 
men from Red River, where Lecomte was raised; and, with many of them, 
confidence in their favorite stood so high that they put out all the money 
they had brought to town on equal terms. They reasoned that if Lexington- 
could perform a four-mile heat in 7:19%, there was no reason why Lecomte- 
could not also do it if required; lor the contest now stood equal between 
them, and it must not be forgotten that in Lecomte's victory, in 7:26, he 
had trailed Lexington, and then turned out and passed ahead of him. It 
was, moreover, said on their side that the 7:19^ was not as good as the 7:26' 
of Lecomte, for that by running alone and choosing the close side of the 
track, Lexington saved nearly two seconds of distance in each mile, and 
likewise had the advantage of a long start, and receiving the word 'go' at 
full speed, instead of beginning 'from the jump, as in match fashion. 

"HOPE TOLD A FLATTERING TALE." 

"On the strength of these calculations there was considerable betting- 
on time, but with none did I hear it set at less than 7:26, while many be- 
lieved — though I heard no bet to that effect — that the heat would be achieved 
as low down as 7:15 or 7:16. I do not know that anything can furnish a 
better idea of the revolution made in racing time by Lecomte and Lexing- 
ton than this state of expectation shows. What would have been thought, 
ten years ago, of the declaration that in a little while we should see a four 
mile race in which the highest mark on time would be 7:26 ? 

"There is something in this matter of increase of speed that is worthy 
of reflection and philosophy. We find continual advancement, and what is 
most remarkable, exploit begets exploit, as if knowledge and emulation 
touched new powers which had never been electrified before. 

"Whence does the spark proceed that awakes these energies, but from 
the mind of man, imparting itself by some strange process to the mind and 
body of his horse as he does to the corporeal faculties in possession of him- 
self. Trotting time stood for years at 2:32, then 2:30, and then 2:28. At 
length Beppo and Lady Suffolk made a dead heat under saddle on the Bea- 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



35 



con Course in 2:26; straightway 2:26 was repeated by several other horses; 
by and by it was reduced still lower, and at last 2:28 was banished to mile 
heats in wagons. So with the racers I have named, and so with Lecomte 
and Lexington. One-half of a horse's speed is found in the brain of his 
rider or driver, and that subtle essence, that knowledge how to do, and will 
to command it, blends with the power of the beast and makes all things 
done. So with foot racers, when they have known that nine miles within 
the hour could be increased to ten, and the ten to eleven. They were the 
same men, without any improvement in their breed ; the same men, who 
had once been able barely to do nine. Shall we be told that the Bonny 
Black Bess of the bold Turpin did not respond to her master's spirit when 
she took her wondrous bou nd over the spiked turnpike gate? or that a por- 
tion of the soul of the brave Mameluke, who alone escaped the massacre of 
the Beys by leaping his horse over the walls of Cairo, did not enter into that 
of his matchless barb? 

"The bounding steed you pompously bestride, 

Shares with his lord his pleasure and his pride, 

"Assuredly the best portions of the horse's speed lies in the mind of his 
rider; and it is so by no means certain, that if Gilpatrick' who rode Lexing- 
ton in 7:19%, had, with his present knowledge of wnat is within horse hide, 
grasped the rein and pressed the sides of Eclipse, he could not have brought 
his 7 137 down to 7:26. 

"When the blankets were stripped trom the horses, and their magnifi- 
cent combinations of blood, heart and muscle stood glistening and flickering 
in the sun, the crowd near by could not resist an involuntary burst of admi- 
ration, at which Lecomte stepped coquettishly about, showing his beautiful 
chestnut coat and branching muscles, while the darker Lexington with a 
sedate and intelligent aspect, looked calmly around, as if he felt that the 
sensation was quite what he expected and deserved. Both animals were in 
the finest possible condition, and the weather and the track had they been 
manufactured to a sportsman's order could not have been improved. At last, 
the final signal of 'hring up your horses,' sounded from the bugle; and prompt 
to the call, Gilpatrick, the well-kiown rider of Boston, put his foot in Lexing - 
ton's stirrup, and the negro boy of Gen. Wells' sprang into the saddle of Le- 
comte, They advanced slowly and daintily forward to the stand, and when 
they halted at tile score, the immense concourse that had up to this moment 
been swaying to and fro, were fixed as stone. It was a beautiful sight to see 
these superb animals standing at the score, filled with unknown qualities of 
flight, quietly awaiting the conclusions of the directions to the riders for the 
tap of the drum. 

"At length the tap of the drum came, and instantly it struck, the sta- 
tionary studs leaped forward with a start that sent everybody's heart into their 
mouth. With bound on bound, as if life were staked on every spring, they 
flew up the quarter stretch, Lexington, at the turn, drawing his nose a 
shadow in advance; but when they reached the half-mile post — ^seconds — 
both were exactly side by side. On they went at the same flying pace, 
Lexington again drawing gradually forward, first his neck,then his shoulder, 
and increasing up the straight side amidst a wild roar of cheers, flew by the 
stand at the end of the first mile, three-quarters of length in the lead. One 
hundred to seventy-five on Lexington! Time, 1:49^. 

"Onward they plunge, onward withoutpause! what makes this throbbing 
at my heart? What are these brilliant brutes to me? Why do I lean forward 
and insensibly unite my voice with the roar of this mad multitude? Alas, I 
but show the infatuation of the horses, and the levelling spirit common to all 
strife, has seized on us all alike. 'Where are they now? Ah! there they 



36 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON". 



fly around the first turn! By heaven, Lecomte is overhauling him! And 
so he was, for on entering the back stretch of the second mile, the hero of 
7:26 made his most desperate eftbrts, reaching first the girth then the 
shoulder, then the neck of Lexington, and finally, when he reached the 
half-mile post, laid himself along side him, nose by nose. Then the mass, 
which during the few seconds of this special struggle had been breathless 
with hope and fear, burst into a 6hout that rung for miles, and amid the din 
of which might be heard here and there, $100 even on Lecomte!' But his 
equality was only for a moments' time. Lexington threw his eye jealously 
askant; Gilpatrick relaxed a little of his rein, which up to this time he had 
held close in hand, and without violence, or startling effect, the racer of 
races stole ahead gently, but steadily and easily, as before, until he drew 
himself a clear length in the lead, in which position they closed the second 
mile. Time, 1:51. 

"Again the hurrah rises as they pass the stand — one hundred to sev- 
enty-five on Lexington! — and swells in still wider volumn when Lexington 
increased his one length to three, from the stand to the turn of the 
back stretch. In va ; n Lecomte struggled; in vain he called to mind his 
former laurels; in vain his rider struck him with the steel; his great spirit 
was a sharper spear, and when his tail fell, as it did from that time out, I 
could imagine he felt a sinking of the heart, as he saw streaming before him 
the waving flag of Lexington, now held straight out in race horse fashion, 
and anon nervously flung up, as if it were a plume of triumph. 'One hun- 
dred to fifty on Lexington.' The thrf e lengths were increased to four, and 
again the shout arose, as in this relative condition they went for the third 
time over the score. Time, 1:51. 

"The last crisis of the strife had now arrived, and Lecomte, if he had 
any resources left, must call upon them straight. So thought his rider, for 
the steel went into his side, but it was in vain, he had done his best; while, 
as for Lexington,it seemed as it he had iust begun to run. Gilpatrick now gave 
have him a full rein, and, for a time, as he went down the backstretch, it 
actually seemed as if he was running for the very fun of the thing. It was 
now $100 to $10 on Lexington, or any kind of odds, but .here was no takers. 
He had the laurel in his teeth, and was going for a distance. But at this in- 
glorious prospect Lecomte desperately rallied, and escaped the humiliation 
by drawing himself a few lengths within the distance pole, while Lexington 
dashed past the stand, hard in hand, actually running away with his rider — 
making the last mile in 1 '-$2%, and completing the four in the unprecedented 
time of 7 .23%. I say unprecedented because it beats Lecomte's 7:26, and is, 
therefore, the fastest heat that was ever made in a match. 

"Thus ended the greatest match that has happened on the turf for many _ 
years; nay, I might rather say, that ever took place, and putting to rest all 
cavil so far as Lexington's powers are concerned, about the difference be- 
tween 7:19% and 7:26. In comparing the time, however, with that recorded 
in favor of other racers, it shouid be stated that the track at New Orleans 
is what is called a "fast track,"' of a springy and elastic nature, which is very 
favorable to the stroke of a running horse, and, of course, conducive to 
speed. The Union track, at Long Island, is not so favorable in its charac- 
ter, and it should be borne in mind by those who wish to be particular in 
these matters, that Lexington and Lecomte, both being colts, denominated 
under the term of "four-year olds," have neither of them, as ye}, carried full 
weight. In closing, it is also proper for me to state that Lexington carried 
Ihree and three-quarter pounds more of weight in his rider than Lecomte, a 
circumstance which is more worthy of mention, as he is 160 pounds the 
smaller horse. 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



37 



"My account of the race is now concluded, for on the time arriving for 
the second heat, the owner of Lecomte withdrew his horse, and the purse 
and the laurels were awarded to the "Hunter of Kentucky." 

'•I will add, that; no one who saw Lexington walk quietly through the 
cheering crowd that flocked round him at the close, as if his triumph were a 
matter he fully understood, doubts that he has sense, memory and powers 
of reflection — horse sense, at least. And yet presumptious mortals will aver 
that such an animal has got no soul ! In conclusion, and according to rac- 
ing style, I will now append the 

SUMMARY. 

Metairie Course, New Orleans, Saturday, April 14th, 1S55 — Jockey 
Club Purse $1,000, with an inside stake of $2,500 each; four mile heats; 
value $6,000. 

R. Ten Broeck's b c Lexington, 4 y o. by Boston, dam Alice Carneal 



by Imp. Sarpedon; 103% lbs, 3% lbs overweight . Gilpatrick . . 1 1 
T. J. Wells' ch c Lecomte, 4 y o, by Boston; dam Reel by Imp. Glen- 

coe; 100 lbs . Abe 2 dr 

Time— 7:23%. 

fUMMARY OF LEXINGTON'S PERFORMANCES. 

In 1853, started three times, won three. 

Lexington, Ky., Association Stakes, mile heats $ 1.700 

Lexington, Ky., Citizens' Stakes, two mile heats 1,300 

New Orleans, La., a match with Sallie Waters, three-mile heats . . 8,500 

In 1S54 started twice, won once. 
New Orleans, La., State Post Stake, four mile heats 19,000 

In 1S55 started twice, won twice. 

New Orleans, La., Time match against 7:26, four miles 20,000 

New Orleans. La., Jockey Club Purse, and inside stake; four mile 

heats 6,000 



Started seven times, won six, total winnings $56,500 



That our readers may form some estimate of Lexington as a race horse, 
we have taken the liberty of attaching two letters from his former trainer, 
Mr. J. B. Pryor. His well known reputation as a trainer, his high char- 
acter as a gentleman of truth and integrity, will go further to establish the 
horse's reputation than any words of ours could do: 

"Berkshire, England, May 9th, 1S63. 

"Dear Sir — I was much pleased yesterday to receive your letter of 
the 21st ult., and most cheerfully give you any information that you may 
want about Lexington. Lexingtou was a horse of the best and kindest 
temper, a good feeder, and at the same time was a horse that never wanted 
the hard work that some horses do. I never allowed him to run his best in 
any trial. I gave him a four-mile gallop at Natchez, over the Pharalia 
Course, a few days tefore he went to New Orleans to run for the Post 
Stake. I mean the Great State Post Stake. He went the first mile alone, 
the second mile he beatjim Barton, the third mile he beat Col. Bingaman's 
Attila, and the fourth mile he beat Little Flea Each of these horses was 
set in fresh, and each beaten from thirtv to forty yards. The last mile was 
run in 1:48. He was three years old with 104 pounds on him, the others 
had about 80 poundson each. No horse was ever his match or ever could 
race with him after a half mile. Lexington was not fit to run when Lecomte 
beat him; he was full of cold, and even then, after having caught Lecomte 



38 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



and had him beat, the boy stopped him, thinking he had gone four miles- 
Lexington, when right was'a distance better than any horse I ever saw run 
in America, four-mile heats, and I have seen all the best horses run in 
England for three years, and there is not a horse here that he could not 
beat four miles. There are horses here that might beat or race with him 
two miles, but none four. He could go faster at the end of four miles than 
most horses can a half mile. I have been training horses thirty years, and 
am positive that Lexington is the best race horse I ever saw in any country. 
When he ran against time in New Orleans, he could have run in 7:10. 
When he beat Lecomte the next week he could have beaten him three 
hundred yards, and I doubt if you could have beaten Lexinton that day. I 
gave h"m runs with such horses as Charmer, Wade Hampton, Arrow, 
Wild Irishman and Little Flea; none could ever make him run: the gallop 
was always over after three-quarters of a mile. 

"In speaking of Lecomte, he was a good race horse in any company 
but Lexington's, but he was like all others, no match to him 

Your obedient servant, J. B. Pryor." 



From another letter, two years after the above was written, we extract 
the lollowing notice of the English horses: 

"Compton, Berks, Eng., Feb 3, 1865. 

"Dear Sir — In looking over some old letters to-day, I found yours of 
the 25th of June, 1863, which is most interesting to me. Things in the way 
of racing are about the same as when you were in this country, except that 
the three -year olds of last year were better in number than any season for 
some time still. I think Thormanby the best Derby horse I have seen. 
Both General Peel and Blair Athol are fine horses, but neither finish a race 
like Thormanby. I have seen all the best horses run here for five years 
and seen them run all distances, and feel sure, without prejudice, that Lex- 
ington was superior to all horses in England or any other country, as I have 
seen some of the best Arabs here, and he could have beaten them all. 

Your obedient servant, J. B. Puyor," 



DESCRIPTION OP LEXINGTON. 

Lexington was a light blood bay, fifteen hands, three inches high, with 
four white feet extending over the pastern joints; his head, though not 
small, was clean, bony and handsome — his nostrils being large, the jawbone 
uncommonly wide, and the jaws wide apart affording abundant room for a 
clear and well detached throttle His bones were not particularly large, 
except the backbone, which was immensely fo. His neck rose well from 
his shoulders and joined his head admirably. His shoulders were wide and 
well placed, particulary oblique, and rising well at the withers. His back 
was of medium length, coupling well back; a loin wide, slightly arched 
and very powerful. His body was large, round and full, being ribbed in the 
best possible manner, very deep through the heart, which made his legs 
look short. His hips were not remarkably wide, though strong. His 
arms were not large, and his gaskin or second thigh was peculiarly light 
and thin, and to our eye, was his greatest defect. His feet and legs were 
sound and clean, with tendons large and strong as catgut. His action was 
snperb — bold, free, elastic and full of power. It seems to be supererogation 
on our par' to criticise such a horse, every part seemed to have been laid 
with such a ustness of |proportion and admirable adaptation of one part to 
another, that all worked as easy as a patent lever watch. Lexington did 
not belong to any of the great lines of his family. He was not a Boston, he 
was not a Sarpedon, he was not a Timoleon and he was not a Sumpter. In 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



39 



his form the noblest and best qualities of every strain in his blood were com- 
bined to form a harmonious union. Nature seemed to have selected and 
drawn to itself whatever was good and great, while it rejected all those 
mean and more ignoble elements. 

"Look! how round his straining throat 

Grace and shifting beauty float! 

Sinewy strength is on his reins, 

And the red blood gallops through his veins — 

Richer, redder, never ran 

Through the boasting heart of man, 

He can trace his lineage higher 

Than the Bourbon dare aspire — 

Douglas, Guzman or the Guelph, 

Or O'Brien's blood itself. 
Lexington never broke down; his legs were as clean as a colt's up to 
the day of his death. Shortly after his last race with Lecomte his eyes 
failed, and Mr. Ten Broeck sent him to Kentucky, and he made his first 
season of 1855 at W. F Harper's, near Midway, Ky., limited to twenty 
mares at $100 each, payable betore the mare was served. He made thesea- 
son of 1856 at the same place and upon the same terms. During the month 
of June, 1S56, Mr. R. A. Alexander went to England to import a stallion, 
accompanied by Mr. Nelson Dudley, of Fayette Co., Ky. Mr. Dudley in- 
sisted on Mr. Alexander purchasing Lexington, and said to him that what- 
ever else he bought he must not leave England until he purchased Lexing- 
"ton. He said he was the best race horse in the world, and if he did not 
purchase him that, situated as he was, he would be a thorne in his side. 
Mr. A. purchased Scythian, and then, in deference to Mr. Dudley's judg- 
ment, which has been remarkably verified, he bought Lexington at $15,000 
of Mr Ten Broeck, who was then in England — $7,500 cash, the remainder 
if Lexington was living upon Mr. Alexander's arrival in America; if not he 
was to lose the $7,500 already paid. He stood at Woodburn Farm, commenc- 
ing with the season of 1857 (except his temporary removal in 1865 to Illi- 
nois), down to the day of his death, Thursday, July 1st, 1875. 

That our readers may form a proper estimate of Lexington's great suc- 
cess as a sire, we have made an alphabetical table of his winners up to the 
■end of 18S0, covering a period of twenty-two years. The first ot his get. J. 
C. Breckinridge, appeared as a two-year old in 185S. We are not sure that 
the table is entirely accurate, as we were compelled to go over and trust to 
the files of old newspapers irom 1S61 to 1870, when the publication of a 
Racing Calender was again commenced. It has been a most difficult and 
laborious task, but we fe-1 that our readers will appreciate the labor of res- 
cuing the records of the most distinguished racehorse and sire that was ever 
foaled in America, if not in the world. 

Name of animal. 1st 2d. 3d. Amount of winnings. 

Aneroid 62 . $ 1,775 



2.925 



Annette 1 

Athlone 2 . . 850 

Alice Ward 25 S 4 5,620 

Annie Bush 4 . 1 7,600 

Arizona 21 6 . 12,852^ 

Acrobat 5 2 . 14,650 

Ansel 12 . . 7 650 

Areola q . . 3.7°° 

Agnes Donovan. . . . 4 . . 1,120 



40 MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Name of animal. 


I St 


2d. 


3d. 


Amount of winnings 










12,000 










1,400 


Barney Williams . . . 




2 










3 




Q _ _ _ 
8,250 






2 










I 




^75° 


Bayonet 


9 


I 




22,300 










400 




2 










2 






800 






2 




670 


Bay final 


• s 






7.95° 


Bettie ward ...» 


. 1 2 






14,6150 


Bulletin - . .... 


* 






400 


Bauchelifas . . • 


I 






300 


Berkshire ... 


1 






300 


Bayswaier . , . . . 


. io 






7>7.S° 


isiue r lag ... . 


. 2 






1,200 


Bismark .... 


• 3 






900 




■ ! « 






J 5° 




■ 4 






3,600 


tj„„ t^i ^» il- 
ls ay L/1CK 


4 






4- 2 S° 


Carrie Atherton . • . 


9 


I 




5>9'o 


Coquette .... 


5 


I 




2,665 




. IO 


3 




6 '3°S 


i^niUicotne . . • 


• 5 








Creole Dance .... 


5 










7 


4 


i 


5.700 




• 2 






1 ,400 




• I 2 




4 


5>9 6 S 




Q 
O 


Q 
O 


i 


1 1 ,Soo 


Charlie Howard . . . 


o 
o 


2 




10,890 


Charley Armstrong . 


s 






4,600 


Ch c out of Mary Lewis 


• 2 






500 


Count Bismark . . . 


• 4 






1,600 










500 




3 






I >35° 




4 






1,470 




12 










I 






500 




2 






1,300 

boo 




I 






Drum .... . • 


I 






*.S° 


j^an U L-onnel . . . . 


2 






!7S 


Duke of Magenta . . . 


J 5 






4 6 >5 I2 /2 


Tin nifl RfiOnp 


4 










I 






250 




2 






3.400 




2 






500 










2 S 




7 






4.425 




I 


I 




62, 


Ellen Doyle 


2 






650 




2 


I 




900 



MEMOIR OF LSXINGION. 



4* 



Name of animal. 



ist 2d. 3d. Amount of winnings. 



Fanny Holton 1 

Foster 14 

Finesse 5 

Flora Mclvor 2 

Florine 2 

Finework 2 

Fiddlestick 2 

Frederick the Great . . 5 

Franklin 4 

Ford Colt 

Fanny Cheatham ... 16 

Flash 

Glen rose 

Gorlitza 

Gertrude 

Georgia Bowman . . . , 

Garrick . . 5 

Goodwood 3 

Gilroy 9 

Grant 13 

Gen. Williams 3 

Gen. McMahon .... 5 

Hollywood 7 

Harry Bassett 25 

Helmet 2 

Hamburg 4 

Harry Booth 14 

Harry of the West ... 20 

Hazard 1 

Hira 2 

Harbinger I 

Harper 1 

Invoice 2 

Invermoor 2 

Idlewild . 20 

Ivanhoe 1 

Irene 

John C. Breckinridge . . 1 
Judge Curtis (or General 

Duke) ]S 

Julius 8 

Judge Durell 8 

Jury • • 4 

Jack M alone 3 

Jonesboro 5 

Jim Sherwood 

King Tom 5 

Kildare 4 

Kingfi-her 7 

King John 2 

King Henry 2 

Kadi 8 

King Pin 1 

King Bolt 1 



1 

I 

2 
I 
2 

3 

2 

9 
1 



400 

31-075 
8,030 
3,400 

575 
3,825 

6,775 
2,970 

9. 82 5 
2 5 
1 5,55o 
250 
100 
6S0 
300 
125 
3.695 
1,300 
4.610 
5,206 

2.600 
7,400 

56.570 
1,650 
4, too 
4,200 

16,600 
1,600 

I, 950 
350 

100 

'.435 
4.550 

II, 250 
400 
100 
117 

5.125 
5, 6 75 
1,600 

!)750 
2,95° 

1,625 

2 -55° 
29.400 
i . 1 50 
2,250 

3 '595 
7uo 

2.S2C 



4 2 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Name of animal. 

King Lear I 

Kentucky 22 

Kate Boston 1 

Lexicon 5 

Legatee 1 

Lady Petry 2 

Lancer 6 

Lochinvar 1 

Letola . . ". 1 

Lexingtor 

Lord Zetland 2 

Lexington Belle . . 4 

Lindora 1 

Laura Farris 12 

Lightning 6 1 

Lilly Ward 6 1 

Lilly Hitchcock .... 3 

Lancaster 13 1 

Leatherlungs 9 

Loadstone 6 2 

Luther 6 2 

Lee Paul 7 

Lady Dan Bryant . . . 1 

Larkin 13 

La Polka 3 

Lucy Ward 1 

Lizzie Trigg 1 

La Marsalaise 2 

Lutestring 1 

Lanagan 1 

Mammon 3 

Marion 7 

Morlachi 16 

Madame Dudley. ... 3 

Mary Clark 2 

Morris 

Mollie Cad 4 

Monarchist 11 

Musketeer. .... ... 10 

Moor 6 

Mildew 2 

Majestic 1 

Maiden . 3 

Merrill 8 

Moonlight 5 

Minnie Milton 4 

Maggie Bruce 3 

Margarrette 1 

Miss Doyle 1 

Mattie Gross 1 

Miss Graves 2 

Mirth 2 

^Niagara 2 2 

Nevada 3 2 



Amount of winnings. 
1,400 

35 95° 
5° 
1.075 
3.5°° 
900 

1.475 
90 
950 

75 
400 
1.490 
1,800 

7.350 
7,050 
6,600 
1,025 

1 5.470 

3- 3oo 
1 1,380 

2,695 
6,750 
300 
4.898 

4- 55° 
200 
200 
350 
500 
200 



4.500 
9' 445 

2,975 
6,450 
100 
1,885 
25,110 
1,000 
2,200 
1,500 
300 
4,850 
13.850 
1.475 
1.75° 
45° 
100 
900 
300 
400 
375 

2 - 55° 

3- 315 



MEMOIR. OB' LEXINGTON^ 



43 



Name of animal. ist 2d. 3d. ' 'Amount of Winnings".' " 

Necy Hale 2 3 . - . ; Ai^ys • • •"' 

Norway 4 . . • ; lK&$ «*• "; 

Norwich 1 . . 1 ' ■ 30O 

Nannie Butler 1 . . 300 

Newry I . . 100 

Norfolk 5 . . 10,800 

Optitrist 10 2 . 9,220 

Olive Branch 6 1 . 4,630 

Pat Malloy 9 2 1 5,370 

Pilgrim 9 2 1 6,650 

Preakness 17 9 . 4 2 i^SS 

Pequot 3 2 . 2,045 

Paris 1 . . 200 

Prince of Wales .... I . . 300 

Rattan 1 . . 1,500 

Rambler 1 1 . 450 

Repentance 3 . . 2.350 

Rook Mirandi 1 . . 200 

Red Bird 2 . . 1,000 

Red Dick 9 1 5,95° 

Rubicon 4 3 . 4,575 

Reporter 9 . . 3,35° 

Reporter (Eng) .... 5 . . 800 

Stamps 2 . . 5,700 

Sir Rufus 2 . 600 

Salina 7 1 . 10,100 

Susan Ann 6 5 . 5,750 

Sabina 2 1 1 ',025 

Shylock 26 27 4 l7>j6o 

Spots wood I . 125 

Shirley 2 3 1 3,55b 

Sultana 5 1 . 16,550 

Spartan 4 7 1 9,487^ 

St. James 4 3 1 1,850 

Sears, B. C 1 1 250 

Shortline 6 7 . I >54° 

Sarah K 4 . . 2,500 

Sue Lewis 4 1 . ' 2,^50 

Summerside 1 1 25 . 5,785 

The Banshee 6 . . 7>'? 2 5 

Tammany 10 6 2 6,700 

True Blue 4 1 1 3,900 

Tom Bowling 13 4 . 37> 2 50 

Tom Collins 3 2 . 380 

Tom Ochiltree 17 5 . 34,963 

Twilight 10 1 . 3,900 

Thunder 16 . . 10,620 

Tom Woolfork . . . . 1 . . 100 

Utica 4 1 1 1,287^ 

Uncas 7 8 1 ''34 2 5 

Ulrica -3 1 - 2 -3 2 5 

Underwood 2 1 975 

Uncle Vic 1 . iqo 

Uncle True 1 . . 250 



.44 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Name of animal. 1st 2d. 3d. Amount of winnings. 

r Y«to . 5 . . 1,850 

.'VictqTjne' ....... 1 . . 300 

1 Vatixha-il . '. 7 . . 6 ,7 2 S 

Witchcraft 1 I . 250 

Waltz 1 . . 250 

Woodburn 3 2 . 660 

Wanderer 11 4 . 10,650 

Watson 1 . 2,650 

Wild Air 1 . . 250 

Woodford Belle .... 5 1 . i,7S° 

W. F. Bacon 1 1 . 750 

■ No. of winners. Times 1st. Times 2nd. Times 3rd. Amount of winnings; 
236 1,176 348 42 $1,159,321 

No stallion that has ever lived in America can show such a list of win- 
ners as Lexington, and with the exception of Stockwell we doubt if there- 
has ever been onejn England. Many of Lexington's seasons were made dur- 
ing the war, and his produce had few places at which they could run, and 
the purses were extremely small. As a rule the first-class English stakes; 
are from four to five times the value of the same in this country, and besides 
the number of brood mares in England are three times, if not four times, as- 
many as we have in America, and from so many the class must be higher. 
Old English turf writers have been extremely fond of giving the number of 
winners by Herod, Matchem and Eclipse, the three great strains of the Eng- 
lish blood horse. Herod represent the Byerly Turk line, Matchem the 
Godolphin Arabian, and Eclipse the Darley Arabian, and the annexed table 
will show how Lexington compared with them: 

Herod produced 497 winners, who won $ 970,000 

Matchem produced 354 winners, who won 531,000- 

Eclipse produced 344 winners, who won 543,520- 

Lexington produced 236 winners, who wor. 1,159,321 

By this it will be seen that Lexington won more than Matchem and 
Eclipse combined, and $189,521 more than Herod. 

Some unthinking persons charge that Lexington had some fifteen hun- 
dred or two thousand colts upon the turf, and that he also had the best 
mares in the country. The latter charge we will notice in its proper place, 
and will take up the subject of the number of foals he sired. 

The annexed table will show the number of mares he covered each year 
during his stud career. 

Year. No. of mares. Year. No. of mares. 

1855 16 1866 51 

1S56 16 1867 43; 

1857 59 186S 29. 

1858 '83 1869 21 

1859 7° l8 7o w 24. 

i860. . 65 1871 23; 

1861 74 1872 .28 

1862 79 1873 20 

1863 77 1874 .20 

1764 76 1875 . . . 11 

1865 ■ • • • • • ■ • 49 

Total number of mares served 840- 

Of these seven were trotting mares, and eight were bred to other horses 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



45 



by reason of their not standing to him. We should therefore take this 
fifteen from the whole number, 840, served during the twenty-one seasons, 
leaving S25 as the number of mares having a chance to bring race horses. 
We have no means of ascertaining the number of returned mares for each 
year, but the late R. Aitchison Alexander examined into the matter for us 
up to 1865, and found that 23 per cent, of the mares bred — missed. 

Supposing this to be the proportion, we shall have about 1S9 missing 
■out of the 825, leaving 636 foals to drop by Lexington. Through the kind- 
ness of Mr. L. Brodhead, manager of Woodburn Farm, we are enabled to 
state the number of mares he served and the number of foals he sired from 
1865 to 1875. 

Year. No. served. Total. Colts. Fillies. 

1865. .'J. . . . : T^f V 5 ?. . >49 13 7 6 

1866 51 35 15 19 

1867 43 25 5 20 

1868 29 17 8 9 

1869 21 8 3 5 

1870 24 15 6 9 

1871 23 13 8 5 

1S72 28 14 9 5 

1873 20 9 6 3 

1874 . , 20 to 6 4 

•875 * n 7 5 2 

Total 319 166 78 87 

From this it will be seen that out of 319 mares served from 1865 to 1875 
he only sired 166 foals, 153 missing, a much larger per cent, than any one could 
have anticipated. But to get at the real number he sired we have gone over 
the three volumes of the American Stud Book carefully.and taken down every 
foal returned by him, and they foot up 514, of whom 52 died as foals, leaving 
462 that had a chance to race. Supposing this to be correct, though there 
may have been a few foals not returned for register in the Stud Book, the 
case would stand thus: 825 mares served, 311 of whom missed, a frac- 
tion over 37)0 per cent., leaving 514 foals by him. Of this number 52 died 
as foals, and ill going over the list we find 49 that were never trained. Now 
take the 514 foals and deduct those that died and those that were never 
trained, making 101, it would leave 413 to be trained, 236 of whom were 
winners or more than half he sired, a greater portion we believe than any 
sire that ever lived can show. 

When Lexington was purchased by the late Mr. R. Aitchison Alexan- 
der, his great poweis as a racehorse had to be acknowledged from his grand 
performances, but his detractors, having nothing in the way of his breeding, 
form and performances to complain of, charged that he would get blind 
colts. The charge has lately been reiterated that a large percentage of his 
get went blind. This is untrue, and the proper way to judge of the matter 
is to take some of the largest breeding farms where Lexington's sons and 
daughters are to be found. First look at Woodburn Farm, the property of 
Mr. A. J. Alexander, who has two sons of Lexington, Asteroid and Pat 
Malloy, both have good eyes, and he has some twenty-two brood mares, five 
of whom are blind. 

In the Preakness Stud, North Elkhorn Farm, property of Mr. M. H. 
Sanford, there are three sons of Lexington, Baywood, Monarchist, and 
King Lear, all three have good eyes. There are twenty-two mares, only 
two of whom are blind. 



46 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



In the Rancocas Stud, property of Mr. P. Lorillard, Jobstown, N. J r 
there are two sons, Duke of Magenta, and Uncas, both with good eyes, and 
eighteen brood mares only one of whom we believe is blind, The Banshee. 
Here is as small a percentage of blindness as can be shown by any sire, and 
is infinitely smaller than either imp. Glencoe or Yorkshire. It is easy 
enough to make charges, but it is an entirely different thing to test them by 
actual facts. . 

As a three year old no colt had better eyes than Lexington, and his 
subsequent blindness was owing to accidental causes, as will be seen by 
reference to the following letter from his former trainer, Mr. J. B. Pryor. 

Holmdel.N. J., Feb. 2d, 1881. 

My Dear Sir: — Tour letter of the 28th ultimo was received, and I 
hasten to give all the information I can concerning Lexington's blindness. 
When he came to me from Kentucky in the year 1S53, no horse had better 
eyes than he had. The late Capt. Wm. J. Minor told me he would like 
much to see him work, and I invited him to come the next morning. That 
night Lexington got out of his box stall, and stood the whole night at the 
feed box. My stable was a large one, with a passage in the middle, and 
double doors on each end, and the bars must have been left down of his door, 
so that he could get out in the passage to the feed box, and I not knowing this, 
when Captain Minor came worked the horse two miles. He moved so 
sluggish that I knew there was something wrong, and I did not give him 
any more work. As soon as Captain Minor went away I went over to the 
stable to see what was the matter. I found the horse with a high fever, 
both eyes closed, and I bled him freely. At the same time told Old Henry 
(my headman) he had to tell me how the horse came in such a fix, and he 
frankly acknowledged the horse get' ing out of the stable to the feed box, 
and ever after this his eyes were effected. I have no doubt that working 
the horse full brought it about. He shrunk to nothing, and it was more 
than a week after he ate nothing but a few green blades of fodder. 

I am very much pleased, and take much pleasure in reading the memoir 
of Lexington that you are now finishing. Every word you say about him 
is true. He was undoubtedly the best race horse that ever was foaled. 

Very truly yours, J. B. Pryor. 

Lexington was the first horse that carried time for four miles below 
7:20, and since that two of his daughters have produced horses that have 
beat his performance. He wrought a wonderful change in the time records, 
and for the past twenty years he and his get have occupied the highest posi- 
tions on the American turf. If we examine the Racing Calendar, we find 
the fastest and best time on record at all distances, from a half-mile to four- 
miles, have been made by Lexington and his sons, or else by horses out of 
Lexington or his son's mares. Besides all this you cannot lay your finger 
upon a sire of any note, imported or native, whose reputation as a stallion 
does not rest upon Lexington blood. The best of these stallions get are out 
of Lexington mares, or daughters of his sons. Such is the case with Bon- 
nie Scotland, Leamington ((except in the case of Longfellow), Phaeton, King 
Alfonso, Glenelg, Waverley, Longfellow, Virgil, Buckden, Australian, 
Alarm, Billet, John Morgan, Revolver, King Ernest, Catesby, Enquirer 
(whose dam is by Lexington), Hiawatha, Melbourne, Jr., Glengarry, Le- 
laps, Saxon. Dickens, Star Davis, Harry O'Fallon, and a number of others, 
to say nothing of what his sons have sired. It is in the light of such facts 
as these that we must judge of the worlh and merit of this great horse's pro- 
duce. 

To show what the descendants of this horse have done, we annex a 
table of the best, second, and third best performances at all distances. 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



47 



TIME TABLE — HALF A MILE. 

Olitipa, ch f (2), by Imp. Leamington, dam Oleata by Lexington, 97 

lbs; Saratoga, July 25, 1874 0:47% 

Lizzie S, b f (2), by Wanderer (son of Lexington), dam Katie 

Pearce, 97 lbs; Lexington, Ky., May 8, 1880 0:49 

Idalia, b f (2), by Imp. Glenelg, dam Item by Lexington, 107 lbs; 

Monmouth Paak, July 4, 1876 0:49^ 

FIVE-EIGHTHS OF A MILE. 

Mollie Brown, b f (2), by King Alfonso, dam Mollie Wood by Lex- 
ington, 97 lbs; Springfield, 111., June 17. 1880 1:02 

Brambaletta, b f, (2) by Bonnie Scotland, dam Ivy Leaf, grandam 
Bayflower by Lexington, 88 lbs; Gravesend, L. I., September 
4, 1880 1 :o2% 

Bye the Way, ch f (2), by Bonne Scotland, dam Carolin by Imp. 

Scythian, 781.3 lbs; Sheepshead Bay, Sept. 21, 1SS0 i;02j^ 

Bonnie Wood, b f (3), by Bonnie Scotland, dam Woodbine by Lex- 
ington, 102 lbs; Saratoga, July 20, 1878 ■. 1:02% 

THREE QUARTERS OF A MILE. 

Barrett, b c (2), by Imp. Bonnie Scotland, dam Sue Walton by Jack 

Malone, 110 lbs; Monmouth Park, N. J., Aug. 14, 1880 . . . . 1:14 

Knight Templar, ch g (3), by Fellowcraft, dam Emma Johnson by 

Union, 77 lbs; Sheephead Bay, L. I., Sept. lS, 1880 1:14 

Gouverneur, b c (2), by Harry Basset, dam Penny by Jerome Edgar, 

82 lbs; Gravesand, L. I., Sept. lS, 18S0 I:I 4)C 

ONE MILE. 

Ten Broeck, b h (5), by Phaeton, dam Fanny Holton by Lexington, 

1 10 lbs; Louisville, Ky., May 24, 1877 t: 39% 

Boardman, b g (4), by Bonnie Scotland, dam Woodbine by Lexing- 
ton, 91 lbs; Sheepshead Baj', Sept. 21, 1SS0 I: 40^g 

Searchar, b c (3), by Enquirer, dam Bonnie May by Bonnie Scot- 
land, go lbs; Lexington, Ky., May 13, 1875. (This was a mile 
heat race in which he distanced the field) 

Warfield, b g (5), by War Dance, dam Floiac by Mickey Free, 103 

lbs; Sheepshead Bay, Sept. 25, 1880 1:42 

ONE MILE AND AN EIGHTH 

Bob Woolley, br c (3), by imp. Leamington, dam Item by Lexing- 
ton, 90 lbs; Lexington, Ky., Stpt. 6, 1875 1:54 

Himyar, b h (5), by Alarm, dam Hira by Lexington, 115 lbs; Lonis- 

ville, Ky,, Sept. 30, 1880 I: 54% 

Janet Murray, b f (4), by Panic, dam Ethel Sprague by Jack Malone 

105 lbs; Brighton Beach, C. I., July 31, 1879 (a doubtful record) 1:54% 

Himyar, b h (5), by Alarm, dam Hira by Lexington, 115 lbs; Louis- 
ville, Ky., May 25, 1SS0 i'-5S% 

Blue Eyes, ch c (4), by Enquirer, dam Buchu by Planet, no lbs; 

Louisville, Ky., May 28, 1879 I: 5SJi 

ONE MILE AND A QUARTER. 

Mendelssohn, b c (3), by Imp. Buckden, dam Metella by Imp. Aus- 
tralian, grandam by Lexington, 95 lbs; Lexington, Ky., May 
10, 18S0 2:08 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Beatitude, b f (4), by Bonnie Scotland, dam Mariposa by Jack 

Malone, 107 lbs; Chicago, June 21, 18S0 2:o8}£ 

Charley Gorham, b g (3), by Blarneystone, dam Aurora Raby, 
grandam Ultima by Lexington, 87 lbs; Lexington Ky., Mav 
8, 1877 2:08% 

ONE MILE AND THREE* EIGHTHS. 

Lucas be (4), by Lexington, dam Coral by Vandal, 107 lbs; Sheeps- 

head Bay, L. I., Sept. 23, 1880 2:21% 

Luke Blackburn, b c (3), by Bonnie Scotland, dam Nevada by Lex- 
ington, 96^2 lbs; Sheepshead Bay, June 22, 1880 2:245-2 

Spendthrift, ch c (3), by Australian, dam Aerolite by Lexington, 123 

lbs; Jerome Park, N Y., June 10, 1S79 2:25%" 

ONE MILE AND A HALF. 

Luke Blackburn, b c (3), by Bonnie Scotland, dam Nevada by Lex- 
ington, 102 lbs; Monmouth Park, Aug. 17, 18S0 2:34 

Tom Bowling, b c (4), by Lexington, dam Lucy Fowler by Imp. 

Albion, 104 lbs; Lexington, Ky., May 12.1874 2: 34% 

Parole, brg (4). by Leamington, dam Maiden by Lexington, 97 lbs; 

Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 14, 18^7 . . , 2:36% 

ONE MILE AND FIVE- EIGHTHS. 

Ten Broeck, be (3), by Imp. Ph:eton, dam Fanny Holton by Lex- 

Hgton, 90 lbs; Lexington, Ky , Sept. 9, 1875 2:49^ 

Checkmate, b g (5), by Glen Athol, dam Full Cry by Vandal, out of 

Springbrook by Lexington, m lbs; Sheepshead Bay, Sept. 

10, 1880 . . . 2:50 

Monitor, ch g (3), by Glenelg, dam Minx by Lexington, 98 lbs; 

Prospect Park, L. I., Sept. 13, 1879 2:50)^ 

ONE MILE AND THREE-QUARTERS. 

Monitor, ch g (4^, by Imp. Glenelg, dam Minx by Lexington, 115 

lbs; Monmouth Park, Aug. 19, 1880 3' 02 % 

Luke Blackburn, b c (3), by Bonnie Scotland, dam Nevada by Lex- 
ington, 105 lbs; Louisville, Ky., Sept. 30, 1S80 3:04 

denmore, ch h (5), by Glen Athol, dam Lottaby Hunter's Glencoe, 

104 lbs; Sheepshead Bay, June 25, 1880 3 :0 4 

TWO MILES. 

Ten Broeck, b h (5), by Imp Phaeton, dam Fanny Holton by Lex- 
ington, 1 10 lbs vs. Time; Louisvitle, Ky., May 29, 1877 . . . . 3:27}^ 

McWhirter, ch c (3), by Enquirer, dam Ontario by Bonnie Scotland, 

100 lbs; Louisville, Ky., May 28, 1877 Z'y>}& 

Courier, b c (4), by Star Davis, dam Milly J by Lexington, 101 lbs; 

Louisville, Ky., May 28, 1877 Z'V-% 

TWO MILES AND ONE-EIGHTH. 

Monitor, ch g (4), by Imp. Glenelg, dam Minx by Lexington, 110 

lbs; Baltimore, Md., Oct. 20, 1S80 3 : 44/^ 

Aristides, ch c (4), by Leamington, dam Sarong by Lexington, 108 

lbs; Lexington, Ky., May 10, 1876 3 : 45)^ 

Mate, bh (6), by Australian, dam Mattie Gross by Lexington, 114 

lbs; Saratoga, N. Y.July 31, 1875. . 3-4-W 



49 



TWO MILES AND A CH ARTER. 

Preakness, bh (aged), by Lexington, dam Bay Leaf by Imp. York- 
shire, 114 lbs 3 : 5°}£ 

Springbok, ch h (5), by Imp. Australian, dam Hester by Lexington, 

"4 lbs 3:56^ 

Dead heat tor Saratoga Cup. Stakes divided. July 29, 1S75. 
Blue Eyes, ch h (5), by Enquirer, dam Buchu by Planet, 115 lbs; 

Chicago, 111., June 22, 1880 3 :5s 3 j 

Harry Bassett, ch c (4), by Lexington, dam Canary Bird by Imp. 

Albion, 10S lbs; Saratoga, N. Y.,July 16, 1S72 3:59 

TWO MILES AND A MALI'. 

Aristides, ch c (4), by Imp. Leamington, dam Sarong by Lexington, 

108 ibs; Lexington, Ky., May 13, 1S76 4:27^ 

Katie Pease, ch f (4), by Planet, dam Minnie Mansfield by Imp 

Glencoe, 105 lbs; Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 10, 1S74 4|28% 

Ballenkeel, br c (3), by Asteroid (son of Lexington), ( dam Schottische 

by Imp. Albion, 90 lbs; Baltimore, Md., Oct. 22, i8f4 . . . . 4:31 

TWO MILES AND FIVE-EIGHTHS. 

Ten Broeck, b c (4), by Imp. Pha'ton, dam Fanny Holton by Lex- 
ington, 10S lbs; Lexington, Ky., Sept. 16, 1S76 4 : 5§)^ 

TWO MILES AND THRBE-qU ARTERS. 

Hubbard, ch c (4), by Planet, dam Minnie Mansfield by Imp. 

Glencoe, 10S lbs; Saratoga, Aug. 9, 1S73 4 : s8.^4 

Kentucky, b h (5), b)' Lexington, dam Magnolia by Imp. Glencoe, 

124 lbs; Jerome Park, Oct, 3., 1866 15:04 

Tom Ochiltree, br c (4), by Lexington, dam Katona by Voucher, 

nSlbs; Jerome Park, N. Y., June 17, 1S76 .^ooii 

THREE MILES. 

Ten Broeck, b c(4), by Imp Pha'ton, dam Fanny Holton by Lex- 
ington, 104 lbs; Louisville, Ky., Sept. 23, 1876 5:26^ 

(This is erroneously given in Racing Calendar, as 5:26).,.) 

Elias Lawrence, b c (3), bv Imp. Billet, dam Sprightly by Lexing- 
ton, 98 libs; Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 28, 18S0 5:28^ 

Frogtown, b c (4), by Bonnie Scotlann, dam Ada Cheatham by Lex- 
ington, 104 lbs; Lexington, Ky., Sept. 21, 1872 5' 2 9/i. 

Vauxhall, b c (4), by Lexington, dam Verona by Imp. Yorkshire, 

108 lbs; Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 7, 1869 5:3* 

Helmbold, ch c (4), by Australian, dam Lavender by Wagner, out 

of Lexington's dam, 108 lbs; Saratoga, N. Y., July 20, 1870 . . 5:30 

FOUR MILES 

Ten Broeck, b c (4), by Imp. Phu ton, datn Fanny Holton by Lex- 
ington, 104 lbs, vs. Time; Louisville Ky., Sept. 27, 1S76 . . . . 7:15% 

Fellowcraft, ch c (4), by Imp. Australian, dam Aerolite by Lexing- 
ton, 108 lbs; Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 20, 1S74 7:1934 

Lexington, b h (5), by Boston, dam Alice Carneal by Imp. Sarpe- 

don, 103 lbs, vs. Time; Sew Orleans, La., April 2, iS^s . . . 7:19 ; , 

Janet, br m (6), by Lightning, (son of Lexington), dam Kelpie by 

Bonnie Scotland, 115 lbs; Louisville, Kv., Sept. 27, 1S79 . . . 7:25 

THREE-QUARTER MILE HEATS. 

Knight Templar, ch g (3), by Fellowcraft, dam Emma Johnson by 

Union, 92 lbs; Louisville, Ky., May 24, 1S80 1:15, 1:17 



\ 



5O MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Jericho, ch c (4), by Revolver, dam Skylight by Lexington, 110 lbs; 

Nashville, lenn., April 28, 1SS0 1:16%, 1:15 '.> 

Knight Templar won the first heat by four lengths, and came in first 

for the second by a length, but was distanced for a foul; and 

race given to Jericho. 
Egypt, ch h (aged), by Planet, dam Lady Barry by Imp. Emu, liS 

lbs; Louisville, Ky., May 2S, 1879 1:16, 1:17 

MILE HEATS. 

Kadi, b g (6), by Lexington, dam Katona by Voucher, catch weight 

about 90 lbs; Hartford, Conn., Sept. 2, 1875 ...... 1:42}^ 1:41 J-£ 

Dan Sparling, b c (4), by Imp. Glenelg, dam Item by Lexington, 

i»6 lbs: Sheepshead Bay, L. I , Sept. 21, 18S0 . . 1:41^, 1:42, 1:44% 

Ada Glenn, ch f (4), by Imp. Glenelg, dam Catina by Imp, Austra- 
lian, 106 lbs; won the first heat. 

Himyar, b c (3), by Alarm, dam Hira by Lexington, 105 lbs; St. 

Louis, Mo., June 4, 1878 \;afi% i-4*}4 

Camargo, ch c (3), bv Jack Malone, dam Vedette by Vandal, 100 lbs; 

Louisville, Ky., May 20, 1875 J '-43% 

TWO MILE HEATS. 

Bradamante, ch f (3), by War Dance, dam Brenna by Knight of St. 

George, S7 lbs; Jackson, Miss., Nov. 17, 1877. . . ■ y.32%, 3:29* 
♦Doubtful. 

Willie D., b g (4), by Revolver, dam Skylight by Lexington, 102 lbs; 

Prospect Park, L. I , Sept. 11, 1879 3 : 34>£> 3 : 35 

Arizona, b m (aged), by Lexington, dam Imp, Zone by the Cure, ill 

lbs; Louisville, Ky.,May 18, 18-5 3-37H, 3-35^4 

THREE MILE HEATS. 

Norfolk, b c (4), by Lexington, dam Novice by Imp. Glencoe, 100 
lbs; Sacramento, Cal., Sept. 23, 1S65; best average two heats 

.- • 5 :2 7>£. 5 : 2934 

Brown Dick, br c (3), by Imp. Margrave, dam Fanny King by Imp. 
Glencoe, 86 lbs. (age dating from May 1); New Orleans, La., 

Apr.l 10, 1855 5 : 30%, 5 : - 8 

Mollie Jackson, ch f (4), by Vandal dam Emma Wright Dy Imp. 
Margrave, ioi lbs; Louisville, Ky .,May 35, 1861, Sherrod, ch c 
(4), by Lecomte, dam Picaj'une by Medoc, 104 lbs, won the 
second heat. The last two miles of the first heat were run in 
3:35; the last two of the second heat in 3:36%; the last mile of 
the third heat in 1 These are the best three and best third 
heat on record 5 : 35}4> 5-3*t%> S :a $H 

FOUR MILE HEATS 

Ferida, b f (4), by Imp. Glenelg, dam La Henderson by Lexington, 

105 lbs; Sheepshead Bay, L. I., September 18, t88o . . 7:23^0, 7:41 

Lexington, b c (4), by Boston, dam Alice Carneal by Imp. Sarpe- 

don, io3;' 4 lbs; New Orleans, La, April 14, 1855 7 :2 32i 

Lecomte withdrawn after first heat, which gave the race to Lex- 
ington. 

Glenraore, ch h (4), by Imp. Glen Athol, dam Lotta by Hunter's 

Glencoe,' 108 lbs; Baltimore, Md., Oct. 2C, 1879 . 7:29^, 7:30^, 7:31 

Willie D., bp (4), by Revolver, dam Skylight by Lexington, 105 
lbs, won the first heat by three lenghts: Glenmore won the sec- 
ond by half length and the third by a head. 



MEMOIR OF LEXINGTON. 



Lecomte, ch c (3), by Boston, dam Reel by Imp. Glencoe, 89 lbs; 

New Orleans, La., April 8, 1854 7:26, 7:38% 

Take a careful look over this, and you will find only eight names out 
of the seventy-seven performances mentioned but what Lexington's blood 
is closely interwoven. Enquirer's .dam was Lida by Lexington, and Blue 
Eyes, besides having Lexington blood through Enquirer, his great grandam 
was Alice Carneal, Lexington's dam. The only names in the list in which 
there is not a direct cross ot Lexington's blood, either on sires or dam's 
side are By the Way, Glenmore, Katie Pease, Hubbard, Egypt, Brown 
Dick, Mollie Jackson and Lecomte, and only one of the eight stands at ths 
head of the performance, and that at two miles and three-quarters, made by 
Hubbard. 

Lexington suffered from nasal catarrh for about three years, but the 
discharge was not very copious or annoying to him until within two or 
three months before his death, when it became very copious. His appetite con- 
tinued good, and his general health in every particular was excellent, with the 
exception of the catarrh. The day before his death he breathed with great 
difficulty, and refused his feed for the first time. The bones of the face be- 
came diseased, and the skull was pressed out between or a little below his 
eye6, by what afterwards proved to be masticated food, a quart in quantity, 
which had been forced into the cavity of the skull through an aperture in the 
upper jaw, caused by the loss of a tooth. He died about 12 o'clock Thursday 
night of July 1st, 1875, an( * was game to the last, and hardly laid down, and 
seemed perfectly conscious. Thus the sun of the old blind Milton ot the 
turf faded and sank below the racing firmament. He was buried near the 
scene of his greatest stud triumphs in the lot facing his old stable, on the hill 
which overlooks the green paddocks where his old matrons browse and the 
young foals gambol in the bright sunshine amid the green grass. He was 
buried with the deepest and most respectful feeling by those who had been 
with him through so many years. 



"Such honors Illion to her hero paid," T"" SE? 

And peaceful slept the mighty Hector's shade." 

Subsequently his remains were exhumed and forwarded to Prof. H. A 1 
Ward, of Rochester, N. Y., who set up the skeleton for the Smithsonian 
Institute, and it is now in the National Museum at Washington City. 

We have often been struck with the resemblance between the career of 
John Milton as a poet and Lexington as a race horse. Both won their way to 
fame by inherent qualities ; both suffered unmeasured abuse ; both were 
blind; shut within the darkened tabernacle of self ; their life was a self-de- 
nied life. After his great turf triumphs, and by general acknowledgement of 
the racing world, he was assigned the position of the best race horse in 
America; his enemies predicted his failure in the stud. His distinguished 
sons and daughters have adorned every page of raeing chronicles since their 
first appearance; the record, the true test of merit, assigns him the first 
position, a fame of his own creation. Besides what has sprung direct from 
his own loins, other stallions are now and have been making reputations 
from his daughters, the Lexington blood nicking with everything with which 
it has been crossed. The turf for sixteen years belonged and owed its great 
achievements to the get of this remarkable old hero; and the benefit in the 
past derived from his blood, is destined to be felt still greater and stronger in 
the great race horse of the future.